Northeast Bancorp
NORTHEAST BANCORP /ME/ (Form: 10-K, Received: 09/29/2014 13:46:34)

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United States
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K

(Mark One)    

ý

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014

OR

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to                  

Commission file number (1-14588)



NORTHEAST BANCORP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maine
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  01-0425066
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

500 Canal Street, Lewiston, Maine
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

04240
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code:
(207) 786-3245

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class:   Name of each exchange on which registered:
Voting Common Stock, $1.00 par value   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None



          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  o     No  ý

          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  o     No  ý

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ý     No  o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  ý     No  o

          Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer  o   Accelerated filer  o   Non-accelerated filer  o   Smaller Reporting Company  ý

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  o     No  ý

          The aggregate market value of the registrant's voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates, computed by reference to the last reported sales price of the registrant's voting common stock on the NASDAQ Global Market on December 31, 2013 was approximately $71,227,626.

          As of September 19, 2014, the registrant had outstanding 9,349,071 shares of voting common stock, $1.00 par value per share, and 880,963 shares of non-voting common stock, $1.00 par value per share.



DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

          Portions of the registrant's proxy statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on November 20, 2014 are incorporated by reference in Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The registrant intends to file such proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than 120 days after the end of its fiscal year ended June 30, 2014.

   


Table of Contents


Table of Contents

Part I.

       

Item 1.

 

Business

   
4
 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

   
23
 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

   
33
 

Item 2.

 

Properties

   
33
 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

   
33
 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

   
33
 


Part II


 

 


 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

   
34
 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

   
35
 

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   
37
 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   
63
 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   
63
 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   
118
 

Item 9A

 

Controls and Procedures

   
118
 

Item 9.B

 

Other Information

   
119
 


Part III


 

 


 

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   
120
 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

   
120
 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters

   
120
 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   
120
 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

   
120
 


Part IV


 

 


 

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

   
121
 

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A Note About Forward-Looking Statements

        This report contains certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, such as statements relating to our financial condition, prospective results of operations, future performance or expectations, plans, objectives, prospects, loan loss allowance adequacy, simulation of changes in interest rates, capital spending, finance sources and revenue sources. These statements relate to expectations concerning matters that are not historical facts. Accordingly, statements that are based on management's projections, estimates, assumptions, and judgments constitute forward-looking statements. These forward looking statements, which are based on various assumptions (some of which are beyond the Company's control), may be identified by reference to a future period or periods, or by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "believe", "expect", "estimate", "anticipate", "continue", "plan", "approximately", "intend", "objective", "goal", "project", or other similar terms or variations on those terms, or the future or conditional verbs such as "will", "may", "should", "could", and "would".

        Such forward-looking statements reflect our current views and expectations based largely on information currently available to our management, and on our current expectations, assumptions, plans, estimates, judgments, and projections about our business and our industry, and they involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Although the Company believes that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable estimates and assumptions, they are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, contingencies, and other factors. Accordingly, the Company cannot give you any assurance that our expectations will in fact occur or that our estimates or assumptions will be correct. The Company cautions you that actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements as a result of, among other factors, the factors referenced in this report under Item 1A. "Risk Factors"; changes in interest rates; competitive pressures from other financial institutions; the effects of a continuing deterioration in general economic conditions on a national basis or in the local markets in which the Company operates, including changes which adversely affect borrowers' ability to service and repay our loans; changes in loan defaults and charge-off rates; changes in the value of securities and other assets, adequacy of loan loss reserves, or deposit levels necessitating increased borrowing to fund loans and investments; increasing government regulation, such as the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; the risk that we may not be successful in the implementation of our business strategy; the risk that intangibles recorded in the Company's financial statements will become impaired; and changes in assumptions used in making such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report and the Company does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any of these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

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PART I

Item 1.    Business

Overview

        Northeast Bancorp ("we," "our," "us," "Northeast" or the "Company"), incorporated under Maine law in 1987, is a bank holding company, registered with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Federal Reserve") under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended. The Company's primary subsidiary and principal asset is its wholly-owned banking subsidiary, Northeast Bank (the "Bank" or "Northeast Bank"), a Maine state-chartered bank originally organized in 1872.

        On December 29, 2010, the merger of the Company and FHB Formation LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("FHB"), was consummated. As a result of the merger, the surviving company received a capital contribution of $16.2 million (in addition to the approximately $13.1 million in cash consideration paid to former shareholders), and the former members of FHB collectively acquired approximately 60% of the Company's outstanding common stock. The Company applied the acquisition method of accounting, as described in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805, Business Combinations ("ASC 805") to the merger, which represents an acquisition by FHB of Northeast, with Northeast as the surviving company.

        In connection with the transaction, as part of the regulatory approval process, the Company and the Bank made certain commitments to the Federal Reserve, the most significant of which are (i) to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10%, (ii) to maintain a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 15%, (iii) to limit purchased loans to 40% of total loans, (iv) to fund 100% of the Company's loans with core deposits (defined as non-maturity deposits and non-brokered insured time deposits), and (v) to hold commercial real estate loans (including owner-occupied commercial real estate) to within 300% of total risk-based capital. On June 28, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved the amendment of the commitment to hold commercial real estate loans to within 300% of total risk-based capital to exclude owner-occupied commercial real estate loans. All other commitments made to the Federal Reserve in connection with the merger remain unchanged. The Company and the Bank are currently in compliance with all commitments to the Federal Reserve.

        As of June 30, 2014, the Company, on a consolidated basis, had total assets of $761.9 million, total deposits of $574.3 million, and shareholders' equity of $112.1 million. The Company gathers retail deposits through the Community Banking Division's 10 banking offices in Maine and through its online deposit program, ableBanking; originates loans through its Community Banking Division; and purchases and originates commercial loans on a nationwide basis through the Loan Acquisition and Servicing Group ("LASG").

        Unless the context otherwise requires, references herein to the Company include the Company and its subsidiary on a consolidated basis.

Strategy

        The Company's goal is to prudently grow its franchise, while maintaining sound operations and risk management, by implementing the following strategies:

        Measured growth of our national commercial loan portfolio.     The Company purchases performing commercial real estate loans, on a nationwide basis, typically at a discount from their outstanding principal balances, producing yields higher than those normally achieved on our originated loan portfolio. These loans are purchased from a variety of sources, including banks, insurance companies, investment funds and government agencies, either directly or indirectly through a broker. To a lesser extent, we have also originated commercial real estate and commercial business loans on a nationwide basis. We expect national originations to become an area of increasing focus for the Company, and in

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particular the origination of loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration ("SBA"). As of June 30, 2014, the Company serviced SBA loans with an unpaid principal balance of $54.3 million, of which $37.8 million was held by third parties.

        Focus on core deposits.     The Company offers a full line of deposit products to customers in the Community Banking Division's market area through its ten-branch network. In addition, in June 2012, we launched our online deposit program, ableBanking, a division of Northeast Bank, to provide an additional channel through which to raise core deposits to fund the Company's asset strategy.

        Continuing our community banking tradition.     The Community Banking Division retains a high degree of local autonomy and operational flexibility to better serve its customers. The Community Banking Division's focus on sales and service allows us to attract and retain core deposits in support of balance sheet growth, and to continue to generate new commercial and residential mortgage loans.

Market Area and Competition

        Northeast Bancorp is the holding company for Northeast Bank, a full-service bank headquartered in Lewiston, Maine. We offer traditional banking services through the Community Banking Division, which operates ten full-service branches that serve customers located in western and central Maine. From our Maine and Boston locations, we also lend throughout the New England area. The LASG purchases and originates commercial loans on a nationwide basis for the Bank's portfolio. AbleBanking, a division of Northeast Bank, offers savings products to consumers online.

        The Community Banking Division's market area covers the six New England states, with the majority of its activities centered in the western and central regions of the State of Maine. We encounter significant competition in the Community Banking Division market area in making loans, attracting deposits, and selling other customer products and services. Our competitors include savings banks, commercial banks, credit unions, mutual funds, insurance companies, brokerage and investment banking companies, finance companies, and other financial intermediaries. Many of our primary competitors there have substantially greater resources, larger established customer bases, higher lending limits, extensive branch networks, numerous ATMs and greater advertising and marketing budgets. They may also offer services that we do not currently provide.

        The LASG has a nationwide scope in its loan purchasing, origination, and servicing activities. It competes with regional banks, national private equity funds, and community banks in its bid to acquire performing commercial loans. ableBanking also has nationwide scope in its deposit gathering activities and competes with banks and credit unions, as well as other, larger, online direct banks having a national reach.

Lending Activities

    General

        We conduct our loan-related activities through two primary channels: the Community Banking Division and the LASG. The Community Banking Division originates loans directly to consumers and businesses located in its market area. The LASG purchases primarily performing commercial real estate loans, on a nationwide basis, typically at a discount from their outstanding principal balances, producing yields higher than those normally achieved on the Company's originated loan portfolio. The LASG also originates commercial real estate and commercial business loans on a nationwide basis. At June 30, 2014, of our total loan portfolio of $516.4 million, $235.4 million, or 45.6%, was originated by the Community Banking Division and $281.0 million, or 54.4%, was purchased or originated by the LASG. Pursuant to commitments made to the Federal Reserve in connection with the merger, the Company is required to limit purchased loans to 40% of total loans. At June 30, 2014, the Company's ratio of purchased loans to total loans, including loans held for sale, was 38.5%.

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        The following table sets forth certain information concerning our portfolio loan purchases and originations for the periods indicated:

 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Loans, including loans held for sale, beginning of year

  $ 443,970   $ 366,136  

Additions:

             

Nationwide Loan Purchases and Originations:

             

Originations

    66,225     37,208  

Purchases

    79,823     121,336  
           

Subtotal

    146,048     158,544  

In-Market Loan Originations:

             

Residential mortgage

    45,525     15,793  

Home equity

    1,498     2,371  

Commercial real estate

    1,854     3,999  

Commercial business

    1,256     1,539  

Consumer

    244     553  

Residential mortgages held for sale

    91,366     141,870  
           

Subtotal

    141,743     166,125  
           

Total originations and purchases

    287,791     324,669  
           

Reductions:

             

Sales of residential loans held for sale

    (88,015 )   (138,861 )

Sales of portfolio loans

    (8,779 )   (7,076 )

Charge-offs

    (405 )   (855 )

Pay-downs and amortization, net

    (106,201 )   (100,043 )
           

Total reductions

    (203,400 )   (246,835 )
           

Loans, including loans held for sale, end of year

  $ 528,361   $ 443,970  
           
           

Annual percentage increase in loans

    19.01 %   21.26 %

        We individually underwrite the loans that we originate and all loans that we purchase. Our loan underwriting policies are reviewed and approved annually by our board of directors. Each loan, regardless of whether it is originated or purchased, must meet underwriting criteria set forth in our lending policies and the requirements of applicable federal and state lending regulations of our regulators. We typically retain servicing rights for all loans that we originate or purchase, except for residential loans that we originate and sell servicing released in the secondary market.

    In-Market Loan Originations

        Originated Loan Portfolio.     Our in-market originated loan portfolio consists primarily of loans to consumers and businesses in the Community Banking Division's market area.

    Residential Mortgage Loans.   We originate residential mortgage loans secured by one- to four-family properties throughout Maine, and southern New Hampshire. Such loans may be originated for sale in the secondary market or to be held on the Bank's balance sheet. We also offer home equity loans and home equity lines of credit, which are secured by first or second mortgages on one- to four-family owner-occupied properties and which are held on our balance sheet. At June 30, 2014, portfolio residential loans totaled $144.6 million, or 28.0% of total loans. Of the residential loans we held for investment at June 30, 2014, approximately 47.1%

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      were adjustable rate. Included in residential loans are home equity lines of credit and other second mortgage loans aggregating approximately $30.0 million.

    Commercial Real Estate Loans.   We originate multi-family and other commercial real estate loans secured by property located primarily in the Community Banking Division's market area. At June 30, 2014, commercial real estate loans outstanding were $70.7 million, or 13.7% of total loans. Although the largest commercial real estate loan originated by the Community Banking Division had a principal balance of $2.1 million at June 30, 2014, the majority of the commercial real estate loans originated by the Community Banking Division had principal balances less than $500 thousand.

    Commercial Business Loans.   We originate commercial business loans, including term loans, lines of credit and equipment and receivables financing to businesses located primarily in the Community Banking Division's market area. At June 30, 2013, commercial business loans outstanding were $10.1 million, or 2.0% of total loans. At June 30, 2014, there were 140 commercial business loans outstanding with an average principal balance of $73 thousand. The largest of these commercial business loans had a principal balance of $1.0 million at June 30, 2014.

    Consumer Loans.   We originate, on a direct basis, automobile, boat and recreational vehicle loans. At June 30, 2014, consumer loans outstanding were $9.9 million, or 1.9% of total loans.

    Construction Loans.   From time to time, we originate residential construction loans to finance the construction of single-family, owner-occupied homes. At June 30, 2014, construction loans outstanding were $31 thousand.

        Underwriting of Originated Loans.     Most residential loans, including those held for investment, are originated in accordance with the standards of the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal Housing Authority, or other third party correspondent lenders. Our underwriting and approval process for all other loans originated by the Community Banking Division is as follows:

    Most of our in-market originated loans are sourced through relationships between loan officers and their third party referral sources or current or previous customers.

    After a loan officer has taken basic information from the borrower, the request is submitted to the Community Banking Division's loan production department. The loan production department obtains comprehensive information from the borrower and third parties, and conducts verification and analysis of the borrower information, which is assembled into a single underwriting package that is submitted for final approval.

    Loans of $500 thousand or more (determined on a relationship basis) require approval from the Community Banking Division Credit Committee, which is comprised of senior managers of the Bank. Loans of less than $500 thousand (determined on a relationship basis) require approval from two underwriters with appropriate lending authority.

    Nationwide Loan Purchases and Originations

        General.     The LASG purchases and originates commercial loans secured by income-producing collateral, and on a nationwide basis. Although the Bank's legal lending limit was $20.6 million at June 30, 2014, our credit policy currently requires prior Board approval for the purchase or origination of a loan with an initial investment greater than 10% of the Company's tier one capital, determined on a relationship basis. We focus primarily on loans with balances between $1.0 million and $5.0 million. Purchased loans are sourced on a nationwide basis from banks, insurance companies, investment funds and government agencies, either directly or indirectly through advisors. We seek to build a loan

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portfolio that is diverse with respect to geography, loan type and collateral type. Of the loans originated or purchased by the LASG that were outstanding as of June 30, 2014, $245.4 million, or 87.3%, consisted of commercial real estate loans. The following table summarizes the LASG loan portfolio as of June 30, 2014.

 
  Purchased   Originated   Total  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate

  $ 133,582   $ 33,969   $ 167,551  

Owner occupied commercial real estate

    65,899     11,907     77,806  

Commercial business

    282     31,373     31,655  

1 - 4 family residential

    3,687     312     3,999  
               

Total

  $ 203,450   $ 77,561   $ 281,011  
               
               

        Since the inception of the LASG through June 30, 2014, we have purchased loans for an aggregate investment of $303.6 million, of which $79.8 million was purchased during fiscal 2014. We have also originated loans totaling $104.8 million, of which $62.2 million was originated in fiscal 2014. As of June 30, 2014, the unpaid principal balance of loans purchased or originated by the LASG ranged from $1 thousand to $12.0 million, with an average of $843 thousand, and were secured principally by retail, industrial, mixed use, multi-family and office properties in 36 states.

        The following table shows the LASG loan portfolio stratified by book value as of June 30, 2014.

Range
  Amount   Percent
of Total
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

$0 - $500

  $ 42,559     15.15 %

$500 - $1,000

    42,546     15.14 %

$1,000 - $2,000

    58,064     20.66 %

$2,000 - $3,000

    25,040     8.91 %

$3,000 - $4,000

    35,654     12.69 %

Greater than $4,000

    77,148     27.45 %
           

  $ 281,011     100.00 %
           
           

        The following tables show the LASG loan portfolio by location and type of collateral as of June 30, 2014.

Collateral Type
  Amount   Percent
of Total
 
State
  Amount   Percent
of Total
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
   
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Multifamily

  $ 51,739     18.41 % CA   $ 56,383     20.06 %

Office

    39,020     13.89 % NY     43,407     15.45 %

Hospitality

    38,887     13.84 % NJ     21,566     7.67 %

Retail

    40,968     14.58 % OH     16,574     5.90 %

Industrial

    44,973     16.00 % FL     12,076     4.30 %

Mixed use

    20,990     7.47 % GA     10,907     3.88 %

Securities

    18,789     6.69 % IL     9,210     3.28 %

Other real estate

    13,170     4.69 % TX     8,184     2.91 %

All other

    12,475     4.43 % All other     102,704     36.55 %
                       

  $ 281,011     100.00 %     $ 281,011     100.00 %
                       
                       

        Loan Purchase Strategies.     The LASG's loan purchasing strategy involves the acquisition of commercial loans, typically secured by real estate or other business assets located throughout the

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United States. The LASG includes a team of credit analysts, real estate analysts, servicing specialists and legal counsel with extensive experience in the loan acquisition business.

        We acquire performing commercial loans typically at a discount to their unpaid principal balances. While we acquire loans on a nationwide basis, we seek to avoid significant concentration in any geographic region or in any one collateral type. We do not seek acquisition opportunities for which the primary collateral is land, construction, or one- to four-family residential property, although in a very limited number of cases, loans secured by such collateral may be included in a pool of otherwise desirable loans.

        We focus on servicing released, whole loan or lead participation transactions so that we can control the management of our portfolio through our experienced asset management professionals. Purchased loans can be acquired as a single relationship or combined with other borrowers in a larger pool. We generally avoid small average balance transactions (i.e. less than $250 thousand) due to the relatively higher operational and opportunity costs of managing and underwriting these assets. Loans are bid to a minimal acceptable yield to maturity based on the overall risk of the loan, including expected repayment terms and the underlying collateral value. Updated loan-to-value ratios and loan terms both influence the amount of discount the Bank requires in determining whether a loan meets the Bank's guidelines. We often achieve actual results in excess of our minimal acceptable yield to maturity when a loan is prepaid.

        At June 30, 2014, purchased loans had an unpaid principal balance of $242.6 million and a book value of $203.5 million, representing discount across the portfolio of 16.2%.

        The following table shows the purchased loan portfolio as of June 30, 2014 by original purchase price percentage.

Initial Investment as a % of Unpaid Principal Balance
  Amount   Percent
of Total
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

0% - 60%

  $ 5,874     2.89 %

60% - 70%

    6,150     3.02 %

70% - 80%

    40,656     19.98 %

80% - 90%

    65,491     32.19 %

90% - 100%

    85,279     41.92 %
           

  $ 203,450     100.00 %
           
           

        Secondary Market for Commercial Loans.     Commercial whole loans are typically sold either directly by sellers or through loan sale advisors. Because a central database for commercial whole loans does not exist, we attempt to compile our own statistics by both polling major loan sale advisors to obtain their aggregate trading volume and tracking the deal flow that we see directly via a proprietary database. This data reflects only a portion of the total market, as commercial whole loans that are sold in private direct sales or through other loan sale advisors are not included in our surveys. In recent years, the ratio of performing loans to total loans in the market has increased, in part, because, we believe, sellers have worked through their most troubled, non-performing loans or are looking to minimize the discount they would receive in a secondary transaction. While the recent economic crisis has led to a high level of trading volume, we also expect the market to remain active in times of economic prosperity, as sellers tend to have additional reserve capacity to sell their unwanted assets. Furthermore, we believe that the continued consolidation of the banking industry will create secondary market activity as acquirers often sell non-strategic borrowing relationships or assets that create excess loan concentrations.

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        Underwriting of Purchased Loans.     We review many loan purchase opportunities and commence underwriting on a relatively small percentage of them. During fiscal 2014, we reviewed approximately 177 transactions representing loans with $1.3 billion in unpaid principal balance. Of those transactions that we reviewed, we placed bids in 44 transactions representing loans with $252 million in unpaid principal balance. Ultimately, we closed 29 transactions in which we acquired $91.3 million in unpaid principal balance for an aggregate purchase price of $79.8 million, or 87.4% of the unpaid principal balance.

        Each of our purchased loans is individually underwritten by a team of in-house, seasoned analysts before being considered for approval. Prior to commencing underwriting, each loan or portfolio of loans is analyzed for its performance characteristics, loan terms, collateral quality, and price expectations. We also consider whether the loan or portfolio of loans would make our total purchased loan portfolio more or less diverse with respect to geography, loan type and collateral type. The opportunity is underwritten once it has been identified as fitting our investment parameters. While the extent of underwriting may vary based on investment size, procedures generally include the following:

    A loan analyst reviews and analyzes financial statements and third party research, including credit reports and other data with respect to the borrower, guarantors, corporate sponsors and any major tenants, in order to assess credit risk.

    With the assistance of local counsel, where appropriate, an in-house attorney makes a determination regarding the quality of loan documentation and enforceability of loan terms.

    An in-house real estate specialist performs a detailed evaluation of all real estate collateral, including canvassing local market experts, conducting original market research for trends and sale and lease comparables, and creates a written valuation that is based on current data reflecting what we believe are recent trends.

    An environmental assessment is performed on real estate collateral.

    A property inspection is performed on all real estate collateral securing a loan, focusing on several characteristics, including, among other things, the physical quality of the property, current occupancy, general quality and occupancy within the neighborhood, market position and nearby property listings.

    A detailed underwriting package containing the results of all this analysis and information is assembled and reviewed by a separate credit analyst on our team before being submitted for approval by the LASG Credit Committee.

        Collateral Valuation.     The estimated value of the real property collateralizing the loan is determined by the LASG's in-house real estate group, which considers, among other factors, the type of property, its condition, location and its highest and best use in its marketplace. An inspection is conducted for the real property securing all loans bid upon, and for all loans that represent an investment in excess of $1.0 million, members of the LASG typically conduct an in-person site inspection.

        We generally view cash flow from operations as the primary source of repayment on purchased loans. The LASG analyzes the current and likely future cash flows generated by the collateral to repay the loan. Also considered are minimum debt service coverage ratios, consisting of the ratio of net operating income to total principal and interest payments. For example, our credit policy provides that the debt service coverage ratio for a purchased commercial real estate loan generally should not be less than 120 percent of the monthly principal and interest payments resulting from a re-amortization of the Bank's basis, at a market interest rate.

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        Loan Pricing.     In determining the amount that we are willing to bid to acquire individual loans or loan pools, the LASG considers the following:

    the collateral securing the loan;

    the geographic location;

    the financial resources of the borrower or guarantors, if any;

    the recourse nature of the loan;

    the age and performance of the loan;

    the length of time during which the loan has performed in accordance with its repayment term;

    the yield expected to be earned; and

    servicing restrictions, if any.

        In addition to the factors listed above and despite the fact that purchased loans are typically performing loans, the LASG also estimates the amount that we may realize through collection efforts or foreclosure and sale of the collateral, net of expenses, and the length of time and costs required to complete the collection or foreclosure process in the event a loan becomes non-performing or is non-performing at the time of purchase.

        Approvals.     All loan purchases must be approved by the LASG Credit Committee. This committee is comprised of members of the executive management team and senior management from the LASG. Our credit policy currently requires prior Board approval for the purchase of a loan with an initial investment greater than 10% of the Company's tier one capital, determined on a relationship basis.

        Competition for Purchased of Loans.     The LASG competes primarily with community banks, regional banks and private equity funds operating nationwide. We believe that we often have a competitive advantage in bidding against private equity funds on performing loans because those funds generally have higher funding costs and, therefore, higher expectations for return on investment than we do. Furthermore, private equity funds typically do not compete for small balance commercial loans and typically pursue larger, bulk transactions.

        We believe that we have a competitive advantage in bidding against other banks that purchase commercial loans in the secondary market because we have a specialized group with experience in purchasing commercial real estate loans. Most banks we compete against are community banks looking to acquire loans in their market; these banks usually have specific criteria for their acquisition activities and do not pursue pools with collateral or geographic diversity. We believe that there are a limited number of banks pursuing a similar, nationwide commercial loan acquisition strategy.

        Loan Originations.     In addition to purchasing loans, the LASG also originates commercial loans on a nationwide basis. Capitalizing on our purchased loan infrastructure, LASG is in a position to review and act quickly on a variety of lending opportunities. Risk management, approvals, underwriting and other due diligence for these loans is similar to that for purchased loans, with the exception of the appraisal and documentation process, which mirrors more traditional lenders in employing local attorneys and real estate appraisers to assist in the process. We believe that the LASG has an advantage in originating commercial loans because of its ability to utilize in-house staff to quickly and accurately screen loan opportunities and accelerate the underwriting process.

        Loan Servicing.     We conduct all loan servicing for purchased and originated loans with an in-house team of experienced asset managers who actively manage the loan portfolio. Asset managers initiate and maintain regular borrower contact, and ensure that the loan credit analysis is accurate. Collateral valuations, property inspections, and other collateral characteristics are updated periodically as a result

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of our ongoing in-house real estate analysis. All asset management activity and analysis is contained within a central database.

Investment Activities

        Our securities portfolio and short-term investments provide and maintain liquidity, assist in managing the interest rate sensitivity of our balance sheet, and serve as collateral for certain of our obligations. Individual investment decisions are made based on the credit quality of the investment, liquidity requirements, potential returns, cash flow targets, and consistency with our asset/liability management objectives.

Sources of Funds

        Deposits have traditionally been the primary source of the Bank's funds for lending and other investment purposes. In addition to deposits, the Bank obtains funds from the amortization and prepayment of loans and mortgage-backed securities, the sale, call or maturity of investment securities, advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston (the "FHLB"), other term borrowings and cash flows generated by operations.

    Deposits

        We offer a full line of deposit products to customers in western and south-central Maine through our ten-branch network. Our deposit products consist of demand deposit, NOW, money market, savings and certificate of deposit accounts. Our customers access their funds through ATMs, Mastercard® Debit Cards, Automated Clearing House funds (electronic transfers) and checks. We also offer telephone banking, online banking and bill payment, mobile banking and remote deposit capture services. Interest rates on our deposits are based upon factors that include prevailing loan demand, deposit maturities, alternative costs of funds, interest rates offered by competing financial institutions and other financial service firms, and general economic conditions. At June 30, 2014, we had core deposits of $572.0 million, representing 99.6% of total deposits. We define core deposits as non-maturity deposits and non-brokered insured time deposits.

        Our online deposit program, ableBanking, provides an additional channel through which to obtain core deposits to support our growth. ableBanking, which was launched in late fiscal 2012 as a division of Northeast Bank, had $63.2 million in money market and time deposits as of June 30, 2014. We also use deposit listing services to gather deposits from time to time, in support of our liquidity and asset/liability management objectives. At June 30, 2014, listing service deposits totaled $148.9 million, bearing a weighted average term of 3.57 years.

    Borrowings

        While we currently consider core deposits (defined as non-maturity deposits and non-brokered insured time deposits) as our primary source of funding to support asset growth, advances from the FHLB and other sources of wholesale funding remain an important part of our liquidity contingency planning. Northeast Bank may borrow up to 50.0% of its total assets from the FHLB, and borrowings are typically collateralized by mortgage loans and securities pledged to the FHLB. At June 30, 2014, we had $25.4 million of borrowing capacity available immediately, an additional $62.6 million available based on collateral pledged but subject to the purchase of additional FHLB stock, and lastly an additional $213.8 million of availability, subject to both the purchase of additional FHLB stock and the availability of additional collateral. Northeast Bank can also borrow from the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, with any such borrowing collateralized by consumer loans pledged to the Federal Reserve.

        For the foreseeable future, we expect to rely less on borrowings than other banks of similar size, because of our regulatory commitment to fund 100% of our loans with core deposits, although the

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availability of FHLB and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston advances and other sources of wholesale funding remain an important part of our liquidity contingency planning.

Recent Technology and Operational Enhancements

        Over the past few years, we have made investments in technology and customer service to develop the infrastructure to support the LASG, ableBanking, and the Community Banking Division. In fiscal 2014, we successfully converted the Bank's core banking system from an "in-house" platform to a service-bureau solution offering enhanced features and capabilities. We expect that future investments in technology, customer service and operational support functions will generally be proportionate to our growth.

Employees

        As of June 30, 2014, the Company employed 178 full-time and 17 part-time employees. The Company's employees are not represented by any collective bargaining unit. The Company believes that its relations with its employees are good.

Other Subsidiaries

        At June 30, 2014, the Bank had four wholly-owned non-bank subsidiaries:

    Northeast Bank Insurance Group, Inc. ("NBIG"). The insurance agency assets of NBIG were sold on September 1, 2011. The entity currently holds the real estate formerly used in its insurance agency business.

    200 Elm Realty, LLC, which was established to hold commercial real estate acquired as a result of loan workouts.

    500 Pine Realty, LLC, which was established to hold residential real estate acquired as a result of loan workouts.

    17 Dogwood Realty, LLC, which was established to hold commercial real estate acquired as a result of loan workouts.

        The Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, ASI Data Services, Inc. (ASI), is an inactive corporate subsidiary. ASI initially provided data processing services to the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company's board transferred the assets and operations of ASI to the Bank in 1996.

Supervision and Regulation

    General

        As a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the "BHCA"), the Company is subject to regulation and supervision by the Federal Reserve. As an FDIC-insured Maine-chartered bank, the Bank is subject to regulation and supervision by the Maine Bureau of Financial Institutions (the "Bureau") and the FDIC. This regulatory framework is intended to protect depositors, the federal deposit insurance fund, consumers and the banking system as a whole, and not necessarily investors in the Company. The following discussion is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the statutes, regulations, policies and guidelines described below.

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    Financial Regulatory Reform Legislation

        The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act"), enacted on July 21, 2010, comprehensively reformed the regulation of financial institutions, products and services. Among other things, the Dodd-Frank Act:

    grants the Federal Reserve increased supervisory authority and codifies the source of strength doctrine, as discussed in more detail in "—Source of Strength" below;

    provides for new capital standards applicable to the Company, as discussed in more detail in "—Capital Adequacy and Safety and Soundness—Regulatory Capital Requirements" below;

    modifies deposit insurance coverage, as discussed in "—Capital Adequacy and Safety and Soundness—Deposit Insurance" below;

    bars banking organizations, such as the Company, from engaging in proprietary trading and from sponsoring and investing in hedge funds and private equity funds, except as permitted under certain limited circumstances, as discussed in "—Bank Holding Company Regulation" below;

    established new corporate governance and proxy disclosure requirements, as discussed in "—Corporate Governance and Executive Compensation" below;

    established the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (the "CFPB"), as discussed in "—Consumer Protection Regulation" below;

    established new minimum mortgage underwriting standards for residential mortgages, as discussed in "—Mortgage Reform" below;

    authorizes the Federal Reserve to regulate interchange fees for debit card transactions;

    permits the payment of interest on business demand deposit accounts;

    established and empowered the Financial Stability Oversight Council to designate certain activities as posing a risk to the U.S. financial system and recommend new or heightened standards and safeguards for financial institutions engaging in such activities; and

    established the Office of Financial Research, which has the power to require reports from financial services companies such as the Company.

    Bank Holding Company Regulation

        Unless a bank holding company becomes a financial holding company under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act ("GLBA") as discussed below, the BHCA prohibits (with the exceptions noted below in this paragraph) a bank holding company from acquiring a direct or indirect interest in or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company that is not a bank or a bank holding company. The BHCA requires every bank holding company to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve before it may acquire substantially all of the assets of any bank, or ownership or control of any voting shares of a bank, if, after such acquisition, it would own or control, directly or indirectly, more than 5% of the voting stock of such bank. In addition, the BHCA prohibits a bank holding company from engaging directly or indirectly in activities other than those of banking, managing or controlling banks or furnishing services to its subsidiary banks. However, a bank holding company may engage in, and may own shares of companies engaged in certain activities, that the Federal Reserve determines to be so closely related to banking or managing and controlling banks so as to be incident thereto. In making such determinations, the Federal Reserve is required to weigh the expected benefit to the public, including such factors as greater convenience, increased competition or gains in efficiency, against the possible adverse effects, such as undue concentration of resources, decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interests or unsafe or unsound banking practices.

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        Under GLBA, bank holding companies are permitted to offer their customers virtually any type of service that is financial in nature or incidental thereto, including banking, securities underwriting, insurance (both underwriting and agency), and merchant banking. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, however, a bank holding company and its affiliates are prohibited from engaging in proprietary trading and from sponsoring and investing in hedge funds and private equity funds, expect as permitted under certain limited circumstances. In order to engage in financial activities under GLBA, a bank holding company must qualify and register with the Federal Reserve as a "financial holding company" by demonstrating that each of its bank subsidiaries is "well capitalized", "well managed," and has at least a "satisfactory" rating under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 ("CRA"). Although the Company believes that it meets the qualifications to become a financial holding company under GLBA, it has not elected "financial holding company" status, but rather to retain its pre-GLBA bank holding company regulatory status for the present time.

        The Company is required by the BHCA to file an annual report and additional reports required with the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve also makes periodic inspections of the Company and its subsidiaries.

    Dividend Restrictions

        The Company is a legal entity separate and distinct from the Bank. The revenue of the Company (on a parent company only basis) is derived primarily from interest and dividends paid to it by the Bank. The right of the Company, and consequently the right of shareholders of the Company, to participate in any distribution of the assets or earnings of the Bank through the payment of such dividends or otherwise is necessarily subject to the prior claims of creditors of the Bank (including depositors), except to the extent that certain claims of the Company in a creditor capacity may be recognized.

        It is the policy of the Federal Reserve that bank holding companies should pay dividends only out of current earnings and only if, after paying such dividends, the bank holding company would remain adequately capitalized. The Federal Reserve has the authority to prohibit a bank holding company, such as the Company, from paying dividends if it deems such payment to be an unsafe or unsound practice.

        The FDIC has the authority to use its enforcement powers to prohibit a bank from paying dividends if, in its opinion, the payment of dividends would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice. Federal law also prohibits the payment of dividends by a bank that will result in the bank failing to meet its applicable capital requirements on a pro forma basis. Maine law requires the approval of the Bureau for any dividend that would reduce a bank's capital below prescribed limits.

    Source of Strength

        Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the Company is required to serve as a source of financial strength for the Bank in the event of the financial distress of the Bank. This provision codifies the longstanding policy of the Federal Reserve. In addition, any capital loans by a bank holding company to any of its bank subsidiaries are subordinate to the payment of deposits and to certain other indebtedness. In the event of a bank holding company's bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a bank subsidiary will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to a priority of payment.

    Certain Transactions by Bank Holding Companies with their Affiliates

        There are various statutory restrictions on the extent to which bank holding companies and their non-bank subsidiaries may borrow, obtain credit from or otherwise engage in "covered transactions" with their insured depository institution subsidiaries. The Dodd-Frank Act amended the definition of affiliate to include an investment fund for which the depository institution or one of its affiliates is an

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investment adviser. An insured depository institution (and its subsidiaries) may not lend money to, or engage in covered transactions with, its non-depository institution affiliates if the aggregate amount of covered transactions outstanding involving the bank, plus the proposed transaction exceeds the following limits: (a) in the case of any one such affiliate, the aggregate amount of covered transactions of the insured depository institution and its subsidiaries cannot exceed 10% of the capital stock and surplus of the insured depository institution; and (b) in the case of all affiliates, the aggregate amount of covered transactions of the insured depository institution and its subsidiaries cannot exceed 20% of the capital stock and surplus of the insured depository institution. For this purpose, "covered transactions" are defined by statute to include a loan or extension of credit to an affiliate, a purchase of or investment in securities issued by an affiliate, a purchase of assets from an affiliate unless exempted by the Federal Reserve, the acceptance of securities issued by an affiliate as collateral for a loan or extension of credit to any person or company, the issuance of a guarantee, acceptance or letter of credit on behalf of an affiliate, securities borrowing or lending transactions with an affiliated that creates a credit exposure to such affiliate, or a derivatives transaction with an affiliate that creates a credit exposure to such affiliate. Covered transactions are also subject to certain collateral security requirements. Covered transactions as well as other types of transactions between a bank and a bank holding company must be on market terms and not otherwise unduly favorable to the holding company or an affiliate of the holding company. Moreover, Section 106 of the BHCA provides that, to further competition, a bank holding company and its subsidiaries are prohibited from engaging in certain tying arrangements in connection with any extension of credit, lease or sale of property of any kind, or furnishing of any service.

    Regulation of the Bank

        As a Maine-chartered bank, the Bank is subject to the supervision of and regulation by the Bureau and the FDIC, as the Bank's insurer of deposits. This supervision and regulation is for the protection of depositors, the FDIC's Deposit Insurance Fund ("DIF"), and consumers, and is not for the protection of the Company's shareholders. The prior approval of the Bureau and the FDIC is required, among other things, for the Bank to establish or relocate an additional branch office, assume deposits, or engage in any merger, consolidation, purchase or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of any bank. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the Federal Reserve may directly examine the subsidiaries of the Company, including the Bank.

    Capital Adequacy and Safety and Soundness

        Regulatory Capital Requirements.     The Federal Reserve has issued risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to United States banking organizations. In addition, the Federal Reserve may from time to time require that a banking organization maintain capital above the minimum levels, due to the banking organization's financial condition or actual or anticipated growth.

        Current Federal Reserve risk-based guidelines define a three-tier capital framework. Tier 1 capital for bank holding companies generally consists of the sum of common shareholders' equity, perpetual preferred stock and trust preferred securities (both subject to certain limitations and, in the case of the latter, to specific limitations on the kind and amount of such securities which may be included as Tier 1 capital and certain additional restrictions described below), and minority interests in the equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, less goodwill and other non-qualifying intangible assets. Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, trust preferred securities issued after May 19, 2010, will not count as Tier 1 capital; however, under the Dodd-Frank Act, the Company's currently outstanding trust preferred securities were grandfathered for Tier 1 eligibility. Tier 2 capital generally consists of hybrid capital instruments, perpetual debt and mandatory convertible debt securities; perpetual preferred stock and trust preferred securities, to the extent it is not eligible to be included as Tier 1 capital; term subordinated debt and intermediate-term preferred stock; and, subject to limitations, general allowances

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for loan losses. The sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital less certain required deductions, such as investments in unconsolidated banking or finance subsidiaries, represents qualifying total capital. Risk-based capital ratios are calculated by dividing Tier 1 and total capital, respectively, by risk-weighted assets. Assets and off-balance sheet credit equivalents are assigned to one of four categories of risk-weights, based primarily on relative credit risk. The minimum Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio is 4% and the minimum total risk-based capital ratio is 8%. As of June 30, 2014, the Company's Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 23.41% and its total risk-based capital ratio was 23.69%. The Company is currently considered "well capitalized" under all regulatory definitions.

        In addition to the risk-based capital requirements, the Federal Reserve requires top-rated bank holding companies to maintain a minimum leverage capital ratio of Tier 1 capital (defined by reference to the risk-based capital guidelines) to its average total consolidated assets of at least 3.0%. For most other bank holding companies (including the Company), the minimum leverage capital ratio is 4.0%. Bank holding companies with supervisory, financial, operational or managerial weaknesses, as well as bank holding companies that are anticipating or experiencing significant growth, are expected to maintain capital ratios well above the minimum levels. As discussed in "—Overview" above, the Company and the Bank made certain commitments to the Federal Reserve in connection with the merger of the Company and FHB Formation LLC, including a commitment to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10.0%. The Company's leverage capital ratio as of June 30, 2014 was 15.90%.

        The FDIC has adopted a statement of policy regarding the capital adequacy of state-chartered banks and promulgated regulations to implement the system of prompt corrective action established by Section 38 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act ("FDIA"). Under these regulations, a bank is "well capitalized" if it has: (i) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater; (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.0% or greater; (iii) a leverage capital ratio of 5.0% or greater; and (iv) is not subject to any written agreement, order, capital directive or prompt corrective action directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure. A bank is "adequately capitalized" if it has: (1) a total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater; (2) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.0% or greater; and (3) a leverage capital ratio of 4.0% or greater (3.0% under certain circumstances) and does not meet the definition of a "well capitalized bank."

        The FDIC also must take into consideration: (i) concentrations of credit risk; (ii) interest rate risk; and (iii) risks from non-traditional activities, as well as an institution's ability to manage those risks, when determining the adequacy of an institution's capital. This evaluation will be made as a part of the institution's regular safety and soundness examination. The Bank is currently considered well-capitalized under all regulatory definitions.

        Generally, a bank, upon receiving notice that it is not adequately capitalized (i.e., that it is "undercapitalized"), becomes subject to the prompt corrective action provisions of Section 38 of FDIA that, for example, (i) restrict payment of capital distributions and management fees, (ii) require that the Federal Reserve monitor the condition of the institution and its efforts to restore its capital, (iii) require submission of a capital restoration plan, (iv) restrict the growth of the institution's assets and (v) require prior regulatory approval of certain expansion proposals. A bank that is required to submit a capital restoration plan must concurrently submit a performance guarantee by each company that controls the bank. A bank that is "critically undercapitalized" (i.e., has a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%) will be subject to further restrictions, and generally will be placed in conservatorship or receivership within 90 days.

        The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has also released new capital requirements, known as Basel III, setting forth higher capital requirements, enhanced risk coverage, a global leverage ratio, provisions for counter-cyclical capital, and liquidity standards. On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve, along with the other federal banking agencies, issued a final rule (the "Final Capital Rule") implementing the Basel III capital standards and establishing the minimum capital requirements for

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banks and bank holding companies required under the Dodd-Frank Act. The majority of the provisions of the Final Capital Rule apply to bank holding companies and banks with consolidated assets of $500 million or more, such as the Company and the Bank. The Final Capital Rule establishes a new capital risk-based capital ratio, a minimum common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.5% of risk-weighted assets to be a "well capitalized" institution, and increase the minimum total Tier 1 capital ratio to be a "well capitalized institution from 6.0% to 8.0%. Additionally, the Final Capital Rule requires that an institution establish a capital conservation buffer of common equity Tier 1 capital in an amount above the minimum risk-based capital requirements equal to 2.5% of total risk weighted assets. The Final Capital Rule revises certain capital definitions and generally makes the capital requirements more stringent. Further, the Final Capital Rule increases the required capital for certain categories of assets, including higher-risk construction real estate loans and certain exposures related to securitizations. Under the Final Capital Rule, the Company may make a one-time, permanent election to continue to exclude accumulated other comprehensive income from capital. If the Company does not make this election, unrealized gains and losses would be included in the calculation of its regulatory capital. The Company must comply with the Final Capital Rule beginning on January 1, 2015.

        Deposit Insurance.     Substantially all of the deposits of the Bank are insured up to applicable limits by the DIF and are subject to deposit insurance assessments to maintain the DIF. Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, FDIC deposit insurance has been permanently increased from $100,000 to $250,000 per depositor. The FDIA, as amended by the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, requires the FDIC to set a ratio of deposit insurance reserves to estimated insured deposits of the Bank—the designated reserve ratio—of 1.35%. The FDIC utilizes a risk-based assessment system that imposes insurance premiums based upon a risk matrix that takes into account a bank's capital level and supervisory rating ("CAMELS rating"). CAMELS ratings reflect the applicable bank regulatory agency to applicable limits by the DIF and are subject to deposit, management, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity to risk. Assessment rates may also vary for certain institutions based on long term debt issuer ratings, secured or brokered deposits. Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, deposit premiums are based on assets rather than insurable deposits. To determine its actual deposit insurance premiums, the Bank computes the base amount on its average consolidated assets less its average tangible equity (defined as the amount of Tier 1 capital) and its applicable assessment rate. Assessment rates range from 2.5 to 9 basis points on the broader assessment base for banks in the lowest risk category up to 30 to 45 basis points for banks in the highest risk category.

        Under the FDIA, the FDIC may terminate deposit insurance upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe and unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC.

        Safety and Soundness Standard.     The FDIA requires the federal bank regulatory agencies to prescribe standards, by regulations or guidelines, relating to internal controls, information systems and internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate risk exposure, asset growth, asset quality, earnings, stock valuation and compensation, fees and benefits, and such other operational and managerial standards as the agencies deem appropriate. Guidelines adopted by the federal bank regulatory agencies establish general standards relating to internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate exposure, asset growth and compensation, fees and benefits. In general, these guidelines require, among other things, appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risk and exposures specified in the guidelines. The guidelines prohibit excessive compensation as an unsafe and unsound practice and describe compensation as excessive when the amounts paid are unreasonable or disproportionate to the services performed by an executive officer, employee, director or principal shareholder. In addition, the federal banking agencies adopted regulations that authorize, but do not require, an agency to order an institution that has been given notice by an agency that it is not satisfying any of such safety and

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soundness standards to submit a compliance plan. If, after being so notified, an institution fails to submit an acceptable compliance plan or fails in any material respect to implement an acceptable compliance plan, the agency must issue an order directing action to correct the deficiency and may issue an order directing other actions of the types to which an undercapitalized institution is subject under the "prompt corrective action" provisions of FDIA. See "—Regulatory Capital Requirements" above. If an institution fails to comply with such an order, the agency may seek to enforce such order in judicial proceedings and to impose civil money penalties.

        Depositor Preference.     The FDIA provides that, in the event of the "liquidation or other resolution" of an insured depository institution, the claims of depositors of the institution, including the claims of the FDIC as subrogee of insured depositors, and certain claims for administrative expenses of the FDIC as a receiver, will have priority over other general unsecured claims against the institution. If an insured depository institution fails, insured and uninsured depositors, along with the FDIC, will have priority in payment ahead of unsecured, non-deposit creditors, including depositors whose deposits are payable only outside of the United States and the parent bank holding company, with respect to any extensions of credit they have made to such insured depository institution.

    Activities and Investments of Insured State Banks

        The powers of a Maine-chartered bank, such as the Bank, include provisions designed to provide Maine banks with competitive equity to the powers of national banks. GLBA includes a section of the FDIA governing subsidiaries of state banks that engage in "activities as principal that would only be permissible" for a national bank to conduct in a financial subsidiary. This provision permits state banks, to the extent permitted under state law, to engage in certain new activities, which are permissible for subsidiaries of a financial holding company. Further, it expressly preserves the ability of a state bank to retain all existing subsidiaries. Because Maine law explicitly permits banks chartered by the state to engage in all activities permissible for federally-chartered banks, the Bank is permitted to form subsidiaries to engage in the activities authorized by GLBA. In order to form a financial subsidiary, a state bank must be well-capitalized, and the state bank would be subject to certain capital deduction, risk management and affiliate transaction rules.

    Consumer Protection Regulation

        The Company and the Bank are subject to a number of federal and state laws designed to protect consumers and prohibit unfair or deceptive business practices. These laws include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Housing Act, Home Ownership Protection Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, as amended by the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003 ("FACT Act"), GLBA, the Truth in Lending Act, CRA, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the National Flood Insurance Act, Electronic Funds Transfer Act, Truth in Savings Act, Secure and Fair Enforcement Act, Expedited Funds Availability Act, and various state law counterparts. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must interact with customers when taking deposits, making loans, collecting loans and providing other services. Further, the Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB, which has the responsibility for making rules and regulations under the federal consumer protection laws relating to financial products and services. The CFPB also has a broad mandate to prohibit unfair or deceptive acts and practices and is specifically empowered to require certain disclosures to consumers and draft model disclosure forms. Failure to comply with consumer protection laws and regulations can subject financial institutions to enforcement actions, fines and other penalties. The FDIC examines the Bank for compliance with CFPB rules and enforces CFPB rules with respect to the Bank.

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    Mortgage Reform

        The Dodd-Frank Act prescribes certain standards that mortgage lenders must consider before making a residential mortgage loan, including verifying a borrower's ability to repay such mortgage loan. The Dodd-Frank Act also allows borrowers to assert violations of certain provisions of the Truth-in-Lending Act as a defense to foreclosure proceedings. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, prepayment penalties are prohibited for certain mortgage transactions and creditors are prohibited from financing insurance policies in connection with a residential mortgage loan or home equity line of credit. The Dodd-Frank Act requires mortgage lenders to make additional disclosures prior to the extension of credit, in each billing statement and for negative amortization loans and hybrid adjustable rate mortgages. Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act prohibits mortgage originators from receiving compensation based on the terms of residential mortgage loans and generally limits the ability of a mortgage originator to be compensated by others if compensation is received from a consumer.

    Privacy and Customer Information Security

        GLBA requires financial institutions to implement policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of nonpublic personal information about consumers to nonaffiliated third parties. In general, the Bank must provide its customers with an annual disclosure that explains its policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of such nonpublic personal information and, except as otherwise required or permitted by law, the Bank is prohibited from disclosing such information except as provided in such policies and procedures. GLBA also requires that the Bank develop, implement and maintain a comprehensive written information security program designed to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer information (as defined under GLBA), to protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such information; and to protect against unauthorized access to or use of such information that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to any customer. The Bank is also required to send a notice to customers whose "sensitive information" has been compromised if unauthorized use of this information is "reasonably possible." Most states, including Maine, have enacted legislation concerning breaches of data security and the duties of the Bank in response to a data breach. Congress continues to consider federal legislation that would require consumer notice of data security breaches. Pursuant to the FACT Act, the Bank must also develop and implement a written identity theft prevention program to detect, prevent, and mitigate identity theft in connection with the opening of certain accounts or certain existing accounts. Additionally, the FACT Act amends the Fair Credit Reporting Act to generally prohibit a person from using information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for marketing purposes to a consumer, unless the consumer is given notice and a reasonable opportunity and a reasonable and simple method to opt out of the making of such solicitations.

    Regulatory Enforcement Authority

        The enforcement powers available to the federal banking agencies include, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions against banking organizations and institution-affiliated parties, as defined. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of law and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with regulatory authorities. Under certain circumstances, federal and state law requires public disclosure and reports of certain criminal offenses and also final enforcement actions by the federal banking agencies.

    Community Reinvestment Act

        Pursuant to the CRA, regulatory authorities review the performance of the Bank in meeting the credit needs of the communities it serves. The applicable regulatory authorities consider compliance

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with this law in connection with the applications for, among other things, approval for de novo branches, branch relocations and acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies. The Bank received a "satisfactory" rating at its CRA examination dated June 10, 2013, its most recent exam.

        Failure of an institution to receive at least a "satisfactory" rating could inhibit such institution or its holding company from undertaking certain activities, including engaging in activities newly permitted as a financial holding company under GLBA, and acquisitions of other financial institutions. The FDIC must take into account the record of performance of banks in meeting the credit needs of the entire community served, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. Current CRA regulations for large banks primarily rely on objective criteria of the performance of institutions under three key assessment tests: a lending test, a service test and an investment test. For smaller banks, current CRA regulations primarily evaluate the performance of institutions under two key assessment tests: a lending test and a community development test. The Company is committed to meeting the existing or anticipated credit needs of its entire community, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, consistent with safe and sound banking operations.

    Branching and Acquisitions

        The Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, as amended ("Riegle-Neal") and the Dodd-Frank Act permit well capitalized and well managed bank holding companies, as determined by the Federal Reserve, to acquire banks in any state subject to certain concentration limits and other conditions. Riegle-Neal also generally authorizes the interstate merger of banks. In addition, among other things, Riegle-Neal and the Dodd-Frank Act permit banks to establish new branches on an interstate basis to the same extent a bank chartered by the host state may establish branches. Bank holding companies and banks are required to obtain prior Federal Reserve approval to acquire more than 5% of a class of voting securities, or substantially all of the assets, of a bank holding company, bank or savings association.

    Anti-Money Laundering and the Bank Secrecy Act

        Under the Bank Secrecy Act ("BSA"), a financial institution is required to have systems in place to detect certain transactions, based on the size and nature of the transaction. Financial institutions are generally required to report to the United States Treasury any cash transactions involving more than $10,000. In addition, financial institutions are required to file suspicious activity reports for transactions that involve more than $5,000 and which the financial institution knows, suspects or has reason to suspect involves illegal funds, is designed to evade the requirements of the BSA or has no lawful purpose. The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the "USA PATRIOT Act"), which amended the BSA, is designed to deny terrorists and others the ability to obtain anonymous access to the U.S. financial system. The USA PATRIOT Act has significant implications for financial institutions and businesses of other types involved in the transfer of money. The USA PATRIOT Act, together with the implementing regulations of various federal regulatory agencies, has caused financial institutions, such as the Bank, to adopt and implement additional policies or amend existing policies and procedures with respect to, among other things, anti-money laundering compliance, suspicious activity, currency transaction reporting, customer identity verification and customer risk analysis. In evaluating an application under Section 3 of the BHCA to acquire a bank or an application under the Bank Merger Act to merge banks or affect a purchase of assets and assumption of deposits and other liabilities, the applicable federal banking regulator must consider the anti-money laundering compliance record of both the applicant and the target.

        The United States has imposed economic sanctions that affect transactions with designated foreign countries, nationals and others. These sanctions, which are administered by the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC"), take many different forms. Generally, however, they contain one or

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more of the following elements: (i) restrictions on trade with or investment in a sanctioned country, including prohibitions against direct or indirect imports from and exports to a sanctioned country and prohibitions on "U.S. persons" engaging in financial transactions relating to making investments in, or providing investment-related advice or assistance to, a sanctioned country; and (ii) a blocking of assets in which the government or specially designated nationals of the sanctioned country have an interest, by prohibiting transfers of property subject to U.S. jurisdiction (including property in the possession or control of U.S. persons). Blocked assets (for example, property and bank deposits) cannot be paid out, withdrawn, set off or transferred in any manner without a license from OFAC.

    Federal Home Loan Bank System

        The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston (the "FHLBB"), which is one of the regional Federal Home Loan Banks comprising the Federal Home Loan Bank System. Each Federal Home Loan Bank provides a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. Member institutions are required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in the FHLBB in an amount at least equal to the sum of 0.35% of the aggregate principal amount of its unpaid residential mortgage loans and similar obligations at the beginning of each year and 4.5% of its advances (borrowings) from the FHLBB. The Bank was in compliance with this requirement with an investment in FHLBB stock as of June 30, 2014 of $4.1 million. The Bank receives dividends on its FHLBB stock. The FHLBB has recently declared dividends equal to an annual yield of approximately the daily average three-month LIBOR yield for the quarter for which the dividend has been declared. Dividend income on FHLBB stock of $40 thousand was recorded during the most recent fiscal year.

        Any advances from the FHLBB must be secured by specified types of collateral, and long-term advances may be used for the purpose of providing funds for residential housing finance, commercial lending and to purchase investments. Long term advances may also be used to help manage interest rate risk for asset and liability management purposes. As of June 30, 2014, the Bank had $42.5 million in outstanding FHLBB advances.

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Item 1A.    Risk Factors

        Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risks and uncertainties, together with all other information in this prospectus, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes, before investing in our common stock. Any of the risk factors we describe below could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. The trading price of our voting common stock could decline if one or more of these risks or uncertainties actually occurs, causing you to lose all or part of your investment. Certain statements below are forward-looking statements. See "A Note About Forward-Looking Statements."

Risks Associated With Our Business

         We are subject to regulatory conditions that could constrain our ability to grow our business.

        In conjunction with the regulatory approvals received for the merger with FHB Formation LLC, we committed to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10%, fund 100% of our loans with core deposits, limit purchased loans to 40% of total loans and hold commercial real estate loans to within 300% of total risk-based capital. Core deposits, for purposes of this commitment, are defined as non-brokered non-maturity deposits and non-brokered insured time deposits. At June 30, 2014, the ratio of our purchased loans to total loans was 38.5%. Our ability to purchase loans will be dependent on our ability to grow our originated loan portfolio. To the extent our ability to originate loans is constrained by market forces or for any other reason, our ability to execute our loan acquisition strategy would be similarly constrained.

         If our allowance for loan losses is not sufficient to absorb actual losses or if we are required to increase our allowance, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

        We are exposed to the risk that our borrowers may default on their obligations. A borrower's default on its obligations under one or more loans of the Bank may result in lost principal and interest income and increased operating expenses as a result of the allocation of management time and resources to the collection and work-out of the loan. In certain situations, where collection efforts are unsuccessful or acceptable work-out arrangements cannot be reached, the Bank may have to write off the loan in whole or in part. In such situations, the Bank may acquire real estate or other assets, if any, that secure the loan through foreclosure or other similar available remedies, and often the amount owed under the defaulted loan exceeds the value of the assets acquired.

        We periodically make a determination of an allowance for loan losses based on available information, including, but not limited to, our historical loss experience, the quality of the loan portfolio, certain economic conditions, the value of the underlying collateral, expected cash flows from purchased loans, and the level of non-accruing and criticized loans. We rely on our loan quality reviews, our experience and our evaluation of economic conditions, among other factors, in determining the amount of provision required for the allowance for loan losses. Provisions to this allowance result in an expense for the period. If, as a result of general economic conditions, previously incorrect assumptions, or an increase in defaulted loans, we determine that additional increases in the allowance for loan losses are necessary, we will incur additional expenses.

        Determining the allowance for loan losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires us to make significant estimates of current credit risks and future trends, all of which may undergo material changes. At any time, there are likely to be loans in our portfolio that will result in losses but that have not been identified as nonperforming or potential problem credits. We cannot be sure that we will be able to identify deteriorating credits before they become nonperforming assets or that we will be able to limit losses on those loans that are identified. We have in the past been, and in the future may be, required to increase our allowance for loan losses for any of several reasons. State and federal regulators, in reviewing our loan portfolio as part of a regulatory examination, may request

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that we increase our allowance for loan losses. Changes in economic conditions affecting borrowers, new information regarding existing loans, identification of additional problem loans and other factors, both within and outside of our control, may require an increase in our allowance for loan losses. In addition, if charge-offs in future periods exceed those estimated in our determination of our allowance for loan losses, we will need additional increases in our allowance for loan losses. Any increases in our allowance for loan losses will result in a decrease in our net income and, possibly, our capital, and could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

         A significant portion of loans held in our loan portfolio were originated by third parties, and such loans may not have been subject to the same level of due diligence that Northeast Bank would have conducted had it originated the loans.

        At June 30, 2014, 39% of the loans held in our loan portfolio were originated by third parties, and therefore may not have been subject to the same level of due diligence that Northeast Bank would have conducted had it originated the loans. Although the Loan Acquisition and Servicing Group conducts a comprehensive review of all loans that it purchases, loans originated by third parties may lack current financial information and may have incomplete legal documentation and outdated appraisals. As a result, the Loan Acquisition and Servicing Group may not have information with respect to an acquired loan which, if known at the time of acquisition, would have caused it to reduce its bid price or not bid for the loan at all. This may adversely affect our yield on loans or cause us to increase our provision for loan losses.

         Our experience with loans held in our loan portfolio that were originated by third parties is limited.

        At June 30, 2014, the 39% of the loans held in our loan portfolio that were originated by third parties had been held by us for approximately 1.3 years, calculated on a weighted average basis. Consequently, we have had only a relatively short period of time to evaluate the performance of those loans and the price at which we purchased them. Further experience with these loans may provide us with information that could cause us to increase our provision for loan losses.

         Our loan portfolio includes commercial loans, which are generally riskier than other types of loans.

        At June 30, 2014, our commercial real estate mortgage and commercial business loan portfolios comprised 69% of total loans. Commercial loans generally carry larger loan balances and involve a higher risk of nonpayment or late payment than residential mortgage loans. These loans, and purchased loans in particular, may lack standardized terms and may include a balloon payment feature. Moreover, some of these loans may be secured by assets located outside of the Community Banking Division's market area. The ability of a borrower to make or refinance a balloon payment may be affected by a number of factors, including the financial condition of the borrower, prevailing economic conditions and prevailing interest rates. Repayment of these loans is generally more dependent on the economy and the successful operation of a business. Because of the risks associated with commercial loans, we may experience higher rates of default than if the portfolio were more heavily weighted toward residential mortgage loans. Higher rates of default could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

         Environmental liability associated with our lending activities could result in losses.

        In the course of business, we may acquire, through foreclosure, properties securing loans we have originated or purchased that are in default. Particularly in commercial real estate lending, there is a risk that hazardous substances could be discovered on these properties. In this event, we might be required to remove these substances from the affected properties at our sole cost and expense. The cost of this removal could substantially exceed the value of affected properties. We may not have adequate remedies against the prior owner or other responsible parties and could find it difficult or

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impossible to sell the affected properties. These events could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

         We may not be able to attract and retain qualified key employees, which could adversely affect our business prospects, including our competitive position and results of operations.

        Our success is dependent upon our ability to attract and retain highly skilled individuals. There is significant competition for those individuals with the experience and skills required to conduct many of our business activities. We may not be able to hire or retain the key personnel that we depend upon for success. The unexpected loss of services of one or more of these or other key personnel could have a material adverse impact on our business because of their skills, knowledge of the markets in which we operate, years of industry experience and the difficulty of promptly finding qualified replacement personnel.

         We are subject to liquidity risk.

        Liquidity is the ability to meet cash flow needs on a timely basis at a reasonable cost. Our liquidity is used principally to originate or purchase loans, to repay deposit liabilities and other liabilities when they come due, and to fund operating costs. Customer demand for non-maturity deposits can be difficult to predict. Changes in market interest rates, increased competition within our markets, and other factors may make deposit gathering more difficult. Disruptions in the capital markets or interest rate changes may make the terms of wholesale funding sources—which include Federal Home Loan Bank advances, the Federal Reserve's Borrower-in-Custody program, securities sold under repurchase agreements, federal funds purchased and brokered certificates of deposit—less favorable and may make it difficult to sell securities when needed to provide additional liquidity. As a result, there is a risk that the cost of funding will increase or that we will not have sufficient funds to meet our obligations when they come due.

         We are subject to security and operational risks relating to our use of technology.

        Communication and information systems are critical to the conduct of our business because we use these systems to manage our customer relationships and process accounting and financial reporting information. Although we have established policies and procedures to prevent or limit the impact of system failures, interruptions and security breaches, there can be no assurance that such events will not occur or that they will be adequately addressed if they do. In addition, any compromise of our security systems could prevent customers from using our website and our online banking services, both of which involve the transmission of confidential information. Although we rely on security and processing systems to provide the security and authentication necessary to securely transmit data, these precautions may not protect our systems from compromises or breaches of security. Information security risks have increased significantly due to the use of online, telephone and mobile banking channels by clients and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime, hackers, terrorists and other external parties. The occurrence of any failures, interruptions or security breaches of our information systems could damage our reputation, result in the loss of business, subject us to increased regulatory scrutiny or expose us to civil litigation and possible financial liability, including the costs of customer notification and remediation efforts. Any of these occurrences could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

         We rely on other companies to provide key components of our business infrastructure.

        Third party vendors provide key components of our business infrastructure such as internet connections, network access and core application processing. While we have selected these third party vendors carefully, we do not control their actions. Any problems caused by these third parties, including as a result of their not providing us their services for any reason or their performing their services

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poorly, could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers or otherwise conduct our business efficiently and effectively. Replacing these third party vendors could also entail significant delay and expense.

         Damage to our reputation could significantly harm our business, including our competitive position and business prospects.

        We are dependent on our reputation within our market area, as a trusted and responsible financial company, for all aspects of our relationships with customers, employees, vendors, third-party service providers, and others, with whom we conduct business or potential future business. Our ability to attract and retain customers and employees could be adversely affected if our reputation is damaged. Our actual or perceived failure to address various issues could give rise to reputational risk that could cause harm to us and our business prospects. These issues also include, but are not limited to, legal and regulatory requirements; properly maintaining customer and employee personal information; record keeping; money-laundering; sales and trading practices; ethical issues; appropriately addressing potential conflicts of interest; and the proper identification of the legal, reputational, credit, liquidity and market risks inherent in our products. Failure to appropriately address any of these issues could also give rise to additional regulatory restrictions and legal risks, which could, among other consequences, increase the size and number of litigation claims and damages asserted or subject us to enforcement actions, fines and penalties and cause us to incur related costs and expenses.

         Internal controls may fail or be circumvented.

        Effective controls over financial reporting are necessary to help ensure reliable financial reporting and prevent fraud. Management is responsible for maintaining an effective system of internal control and assessing system effectiveness. Our system of internal control is a process designed to provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance that system objectives are being met. Failure or circumvention of the system of internal control could have an adverse effect on our business, profitability, and financial condition, and could further result in regulatory actions and loss of investor confidence.

         Difficult economic conditions, both in the Community Banking Division's market area and more generally, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        Our Community Banking Division primarily serves individuals and businesses located in western and south-central Maine. As a result, a significant portion of our earnings are closely tied to the economy of Maine. In addition, our loan portfolio includes commercial loans acquired by the Loan Acquisition and Servicing Group that are secured by assets located nationwide. Deterioration in the economic conditions of the Community Banking Division's market area in Maine, and deterioration of the economy nationally could result in the following consequences:

    loan delinquencies may increase;

    problem assets and foreclosures may increase;

    demand for our products and services may decline;

    collateral for our loans may decline in value, in turn reducing a customer's borrowing power and reducing the value of collateral securing a loan; and

    the net worth and liquidity of loan guarantors may decline, impairing their ability to honor commitments to us.

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         Our future growth, if any, may require us to raise additional capital, but that capital may not be available when we need it.

        As a bank, we are required by regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. In addition, in conjunction with the regulatory approvals received for the merger with FHB Formation LLC, we committed to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10% and a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 15%. We may need to raise additional capital to support our operations or our growth, if any. Our ability to raise additional capital will depend, in part, on conditions in the capital markets and our financial performance at that time. Accordingly, we may be unable to raise additional capital, if and when needed, on acceptable terms, or at all. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed, our ability to further expand our operations through internal growth and acquisitions could be materially impaired. In addition, if we decide to raise additional equity capital, investors' interests could be diluted. Our failure to meet any applicable regulatory guideline related to our lending activities or any capital requirement otherwise imposed upon us or to satisfy any other regulatory requirement could subject us to certain activity restrictions or to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the regulatory authorities, including limitations on our ability to pay dividends or pursue acquisitions, the issuance by regulatory authorities of a capital directive to increase capital and the termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC.

         The soundness of other financial institutions could adversely affect us.

        Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty and other relationships. We have exposure to many different counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial industry, including brokers and dealers, other commercial banks, investment banks, mutual and hedge funds, and other financial institutions. As a result, defaults by, or even rumors or questions about, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry generally, could lead to market-wide liquidity problems and losses or defaults by us or by other institutions and organizations. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty or client. In addition, our credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be liquidated or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the financial instrument exposure due to us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially and adversely affect our results of operations.

Risks Associated With the Industry

         Competition in the financial services industry is intense and could result in us losing business or experiencing reduced margins.

        Our future growth and success will depend on our ability to continue to compete effectively in the Community Banking Division's Maine market area, in the markets in which the Loan Acquisition and Servicing Group operates and in the markets in which ableBanking operates. We face aggressive competition from other domestic and foreign lending institutions and from numerous other providers of financial services. The ability of non-banking financial institutions to provide services previously limited to commercial banks has intensified competition. Because non-banking financial institutions are not subject to the same regulatory restrictions as banks and bank holding companies, they can often operate with greater flexibility and lower cost structures. Securities firms and insurance companies that elect to become financial holding companies may acquire banks and other financial institutions. This may significantly change the competitive environment in which we conduct our business. Some of our competitors have significantly greater financial resources and/or face fewer regulatory constraints. As a result of these various sources of competition, we could lose business to competitors or could be forced to price products and services on less advantageous terms to retain or attract clients, either of which would adversely affect its profitability.

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         Changes in interest rates could adversely affect our net interest income and profitability.

        The majority of our assets and liabilities are monetary in nature. As a result, our earnings and growth are significantly affected by interest rates, which are subject to the influence of economic conditions generally, both domestic and foreign, to events in the capital markets and also to the monetary and fiscal policies of the United States and its agencies, particularly the Federal Reserve. The nature and timing of any changes in such policies or general economic conditions and their effect on us cannot be controlled and are extremely difficult to predict. Changes in interest rates can affect our net interest income as well as the value of our assets and liabilities. Net interest income is the difference between (i) interest income on interest-earning assets, such as loans and securities, and (ii) interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowings. Changes in market interest rates, changes in the relationships between short-term and long-term market interest rates, or the yield curve, or changes in the relationships between different interest rate indices can affect the interest rates charged on interest-earning assets differently than the interest rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities. This difference could result in an increase in interest expense relative to interest income, and therefore reduce our net interest income. Further, declines in market interest rates may trigger loan prepayments, which in many cases are within our customers' discretion, and which in turn may serve to reduce our net interest income if we are unable to lend those funds to other borrowers or invest the funds at the same or higher interest rates.

         We operate in a highly regulated industry, and laws and regulations, or changes in them, could limit or restrict our activities and could have an adverse impact in our operations.

        We are subject to regulation and supervision by the Federal Reserve, and our banking subsidiary, Northeast Bank, is subject to regulation and supervision by the FDIC and the Maine Bureau of Financial Institutions. Federal and state laws and regulations govern numerous matters, including changes in the ownership or control of banks and bank holding companies, maintenance of adequate capital and the financial condition of a financial institution, permissible types, amounts and terms of extensions of credit and investments, permissible non-banking activities, the level of reserves against deposits and restrictions on dividend payments. The Federal Reserve, the FDIC and the Maine Bureau of Financial Institutions have the power to issue cease and desist orders to prevent or remedy unsafe or unsound practices or violations of law by banks subject to their regulation, and the Federal Reserve possesses similar powers with respect to bank holding companies. These and other restrictions limit the manner in which we and Northeast Bank may conduct business and obtain financing.

        Because our business is highly regulated, the laws, rules, regulations, and supervisory guidance and policies applicable to us are subject to regular modification and change. It is impossible to predict the competitive impact that any such changes would have on the banking and financial services industry in general or on our business in particular. Such changes may, among other things, increase the cost of doing business, limit permissible activities, or affect the competitive balance between banks and other financial institutions. The Dodd-Frank Act instituted major changes to the banking and financial institutions regulatory regimes in light of the recent performance of and government intervention in the financial services sector. Other changes to statutes, regulations, or regulatory policies, including changes in interpretation or implementation of statutes, regulations, or policies, could affect us in substantial and unpredictable ways. Such changes could subject us to additional costs, limit the types of financial services and products we may offer, and/or increase the ability of non-banks to offer competing financial services and products, among other things. Failure to comply with laws, regulations, or policies could result in sanctions by regulatory agencies, civil money penalties, and/or reputation damage, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. See "Supervision and Regulation" in Item 1, "Business."

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         Additional requirements imposed by the Dodd-Frank Act could adversely affect us.

        Current and future legal and regulatory requirements, restrictions, and regulations, including those imposed under the Dodd-Frank Act, may adversely impact our profitability and may have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, may require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make any changes required by the legislation and related regulations and may make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified executive officers and employees. The Dodd-Frank Act comprehensively reformed the regulation of financial institutions, products and services. Because many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are subject to rulemaking and will take effect over several years, it is difficult to forecast the impact that such rulemaking will have on us, our customers or the financial industry. Certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that affect deposit insurance assessments, the payment of interest on demand deposits and interchange fees could increase the costs associated with our banking subsidiaries' deposit-generating activities, as well as place limitations on the revenues that those deposits may generate. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB. The CFPB has the authority to prescribe rules for all depository institutions governing the provision of consumer financial products and services, which may result in rules and regulations that reduce the profitability of such products and services or impose greater costs on the Company and its subsidiaries. The Dodd-Frank Act also established new minimum mortgage underwriting standards for residential mortgages, and the regulatory agencies have focused on the examination and supervision of mortgage lending and servicing activities. See "Supervision and Regulation—The Dodd-Frank Act" in Item 1, "Business."

         We will become subject to more stringent capital requirements.

        The Dodd-Frank Act requires the federal banking agencies to establish minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements for insured banks and their holding companies. The federal banking agencies issued a joint final rule, or the "Final Capital Rule," that implements the Basel III capital standards and establishes the minimum capital levels required under the Dodd-Frank Act. We must comply with the Final Capital Rule by January 1, 2015. The Final Capital Rule establishes a minimum common equity Tier I capital ratio of 6.5% of risk-weighted assets for a "well capitalized" institution and increases the minimum Tier I capital ratio for a "well capitalized" institution from 6.0% to 8.0%. Additionally, the Final Capital Rule requires an institution to maintain a 2.5% common equity Tier I capital conservation buffer over the 6.5% minimum risk-based capital requirement to avoid restrictions on the ability to pay dividends, discretionary bonuses, and engage in share repurchases. The Final Capital Rule permanently grandfathers trust preferred securities issued before May 19, 2010, subject to a limit of 25% of Tier I capital. The Final Capital Rule increases the required capital for certain categories of assets, including high-volatility construction real estate loans and certain exposures related to securitizations; however, the Final Capital Rule retains the current capital treatment of residential mortgages. Under the Final Capital Rule, we may make a one-time, permanent election to continue to exclude accumulated other comprehensive income from capital. If we do not make this election, unrealized gains and losses will be included in the calculation of our regulatory capital. Implementation of these standards, or any other new regulations, may adversely affect our ability to pay dividends, or require us to reduce business levels or raise capital, including in ways that may adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

         The FDIC's assessment rates could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        The FDIC insures deposits at FDIC-insured depository institutions, such as Northeast Bank, up to applicable limits. As a result of recent economic conditions and the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has increased deposit insurance assessment rates. If these increases are insufficient for the deposit insurance fund of the FDIC to meet its funding requirements, there may need to be further special assessments or increases in deposit insurance premiums. We are generally unable to control the

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amount of premiums that we are required to pay for FDIC insurance. If there are additional bank or financial institution failures, we may be required to pay even higher FDIC premiums than the recently increased levels. Any future additional assessments, increases or required prepayments in FDIC insurance premiums may materially adversely affect results of operations, including by reducing our profitability or limiting our ability to pursue certain business opportunities.

         Changes in accounting standards can materially impact our financial statements.

        Our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. From time to time, the Financial Accounting Standards Board or regulatory authorities change the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of our financial statements. These changes can be hard to predict and can materially impact how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. In some cases, we could be required to apply a new or revised standard retroactively, resulting in our restating prior period financial statements.

         We may incur fines, penalties and other negative consequences from regulatory violations, possibly even inadvertent or unintentional violations.

        We maintain systems and procedures designed to ensure that we comply with applicable laws and regulations. However, some legal/regulatory frameworks provide for the imposition of fines or penalties for noncompliance even though the noncompliance was inadvertent or unintentional and even though there was in place at the time systems and procedures designed to ensure compliance. For example, we are subject to regulations issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, or "OFAC," that prohibit financial institutions from participating in the transfer of property belonging to the governments of certain foreign countries and designated nationals of those countries. OFAC may impose penalties for inadvertent or unintentional violations even if reasonable processes are in place to prevent the violations. There may be other negative consequences resulting from a finding of noncompliance, including restrictions on certain activities. Such a finding may also damage our reputation as described below and could restrict the ability of institutional investment managers to invest in our securities.

Risks Associated With Our Common Stock

         Market volatility has affected and may continue to affect the value of our common stock.

        The performance of our common stock has been and may continue to be affected by many factors, including volatility in the credit, mortgage and housing markets, and the markets with respect to financial institutions generally. Government action and changes in government regulations, such as the Dodd-Frank Act, may affect the value of our common stock. More general market fluctuations, industry factors and general economic and political conditions and events, such as economic slowdowns or interest rate changes could also cause the value of our common stock to decrease regardless of our operating results.

         Our common stock trading volume may not provide adequate liquidity for investors.

        Our voting common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Market. The average daily trading volume for Northeast voting common stock is less than the corresponding trading volume for larger financial institutions. Due to this relatively low trading volume, significant sales of Northeast voting common stock, or the expectation of these sales, may place significant downward pressure on the market price of Northeast voting common stock. No assurance can be given that a more active trading market in our common stock will develop in the foreseeable future or can be maintained. There can also be no assurance that the offering will result in a material increase in the "float" for our common stock, which we define as the aggregate market value of our voting common stock held by shareholders

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who are not affiliates of Northeast, because our affiliates may purchase shares of voting common stock in the offering.

         There is a limited market for and restrictions on the transferability of our non-voting common stock.

        Our non-voting common stock is not and will not be listed on any exchange. Additionally, the non-voting common stock can only be transferred in certain limited circumstances set forth in our articles of incorporation. Accordingly, holders of our non-voting common stock may be required to bear the economic consequences of holding such non-voting common stock for an indefinite period of time.

         If we defer payments of interest on our outstanding junior subordinated debt securities or if certain defaults relating to those debt securities occur, we will be prohibited from declaring or paying dividends or distributions on, and from making liquidation payments with respect to, our common stock.

        As of June 30, 2014, we had outstanding $16.5 million in aggregate principal amount of junior subordinated debt securities issued in connection with the sale of trust preferred securities by affiliates of ours that are statutory business trusts. We have also guaranteed those trust preferred securities. The indenture under which the junior subordinated debt securities were issued, together with the guarantee, prohibits us, subject to limited exceptions, from declaring or paying any dividends or distributions on, or redeeming, repurchasing, acquiring or making any liquidation payments with respect to, any of our capital stock (including the Series A preferred stock and our common stock) at any time when (i) there shall have occurred and be continuing an event of default under the indenture; (ii) we are in default with respect to payment of any obligations under the guarantee; or (iii) we have elected to defer payment of interest on the junior subordinated debt securities. In that regard, we are entitled, at our option but subject to certain conditions, to defer payments of interest on the junior subordinated debt securities from time to time for up to five years.

        Events of default under the indenture generally consist of our failure to pay interest on the junior subordinated debt securities under certain circumstances, our failure to pay any principal of or premium on such junior subordinated debt securities when due, our failure to comply with certain covenants under the indenture, and certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or liquidation relating to us.

        As a result of these provisions, if we were to elect to defer payments of interest on the junior subordinated debt securities, or if any of the other events described in clause (i) or (ii) of the first paragraph of this risk factor were to occur, we would be prohibited from declaring or paying any dividends on the Series A preferred stock and our common stock, from redeeming, repurchasing or otherwise acquiring any of the Series A preferred stock or our common stock, and from making any payments to holders of the Series A preferred stock or our common stock in the event of our liquidation, which would likely have a material adverse effect on the market value of our common stock.

         We are dependent upon our subsidiaries for dividends, distributions and other payments.

        We are a separate and distinct legal entity from Northeast Bank, and depend on dividends, distributions and other payments from Northeast Bank to fund dividend payments on our common stock and to fund all payments on our other obligations. We and Northeast Bank are subject to laws that authorize regulatory authorities to block or reduce the flow of funds from Northeast Bank to us. Regulatory action of that kind could impede access to the funds that Northeast needs in order to make payments on its obligations or dividend payments. In addition, if Northeast Bank does not maintain sufficient capital levels or its earnings are not sufficient to make dividend payments to us, we may not be able to make dividend payments to our common and preferred shareholders. Further, our right to

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participate in a distribution of assets upon a subsidiary's liquidation or reorganization is subject to the prior claims of Northeast Bank's creditors.

         We may not be able to pay dividends and, if we pay dividends, we cannot guarantee the amount and frequency of such dividends.

        The continued payment of dividends on shares of our common stock will depend upon our debt and equity structure, earnings and financial condition, need for capital in connection with possible future acquisitions, growth and other factors, including economic conditions, regulatory restrictions, and tax considerations. We cannot guarantee that we will pay dividends or, if we pay dividends, the amount and frequency of these dividends.

         We may issue additional shares of common or preferred stock in the future, which could dilute a shareholder's ownership of common stock.

        Our articles of incorporation authorize our board of directors, generally without shareholder approval, to, among other things, issue additional shares of common or preferred stock. The issuance of any additional shares of common or preferred stock could be dilutive to a shareholder's ownership of our common stock. To the extent that we issue options or warrants to purchase common stock in the future and the options or warrants are exercised, our shareholders may experience further dilution. Holders of shares of our common stock have no preemptive rights that entitle holders to purchase their pro rata share of any offering of shares of any class or series and, therefore, shareholders may not be permitted to invest in future issuances of Northeast common or preferred stock. We are required by federal and state regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. Accordingly, regulatory requirements and/or deterioration in our asset quality may require us to sell common stock to raise capital under circumstances and at prices that result in substantial dilution.

         We may issue debt and equity securities that are senior to our common stock as to distributions and in liquidation, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock.

        In the future, we may increase our capital resources by entering into debt or debt-like financing or issuing debt or equity securities, which could include issuances of senior notes, subordinated notes, preferred stock or common stock. In the event of our liquidation, our lenders and holders of its debt or preferred securities would receive a distribution of our available assets before distributions to the holders of Northeast common stock. Our decision to incur debt and issue securities in future offerings will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control. We cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings and debt financings. Future offerings could reduce the value of shares of our common stock and dilute a shareholder's interest in Northeast.

         Our common stock is not insured by any governmental entity.

        Our common stock is not a deposit account or other obligation of any bank and is not insured by the FDIC or any other governmental entity.

         Anti-takeover provisions could negatively impact our shareholders.

        Federal law imposes restrictions, including regulatory approval requirements, on persons seeking to acquire control over Northeast. Provisions of Maine law and provisions of our articles of incorporation and by-laws could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or have the effect of discouraging a third party from attempting to acquire control of us. We have a classified board of directors, meaning that approximately one-third of our directors are elected annually. Additionally, our articles of organization authorize our board of directors to issue preferred stock without shareholder approval and such preferred stock could be issued as a defensive measure in response to a takeover

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proposal. Other provisions that could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us even if an acquisition might be in the best interest of our shareholders include supermajority voting requirements to remove a director from office without cause; restrictions on shareholders calling a special meeting; a requirement that only directors may fill a board vacancy; and provisions regarding the timing and content of shareholder proposals and nominations.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

        None.

Item 2.    Properties

        At June 30, 2014, the Company conducted its business from its main office in Lewiston, Maine and an office in Boston, Massachusetts. The Company also conducts business from its ten full-service bank branches and six loan production offices located in western and south-central Maine and southern New Hampshire.

        In addition to its Lewiston, Maine, and Boston, Massachusetts, offices, the Company leases eleven of its other locations. For information regarding the Company's lease commitments, please refer to "Lease Obligations" under Note 14 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        From time to time, the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to certain legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business. Management presently believes that the ultimate outcome of these proceedings, individually and in the aggregate, will not be material to the Company or its consolidated financial position. The Company establishes reserves for specific legal matters when it determines that the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome is probable and the loss is reasonably estimable. Legal proceedings are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings could occur that could cause the Company to establish litigation reserves or could have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, or operating results.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

        Not applicable.

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

        (a)   The Company's voting common stock currently trades on the NASDAQ under the symbol "NBN." There is no established public trading market for the Company's non-voting common stock. As of the close of business on September 19, 2014, there were approximately 448 registered shareholders of record.

        The following table sets forth the high and low closing sale prices of the Company's voting common stock, as reported on NASDAQ, and quarterly dividends paid on the Company's voting and non-voting common stock during the periods indicated.

Fiscal year ended June 30, 2014
  High   Low   Div Pd  

Jul 1 - Sep 30

  $ 10.79   $ 9.53   $ 0.09  

Oct 1 - Dec 31

    10.23     9.37     0.09  

Jan 1 - Mar 31

    9.74     9.16     0.09  

Apr 1 - Jun 30

    10.00     9.30     0.01  

 

Fiscal year ended June 30, 2013
  High   Low   Div Pd  

Jul 1 - Sep 30

  $ 9.53   $ 8.40   $ 0.09  

Oct 1 - Dec 31

    9.53     8.93     0.09  

Jan 1 - Mar 31

    10.18     9.08     0.09  

Apr 1 - Jun 30

    10.12     9.23     0.09  

        On September 19, 2014, the last reported sale price of the Company's voting common stock, as reported on NASDAQ was $9.45. Holders of the Company's voting and non-voting common stock are entitled to receive dividends when and if declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available. The amount and timing of future dividends payable on the Company's voting and non-voting common stock will depend on, among other things, the financial condition of the Company, regulatory considerations, and other factors. The Company is a legal entity separate from the Bank, but its revenues are derived primarily from the Bank. Accordingly, the ability of the Company to pay cash dividends on its stock in the future generally will be dependent upon the earnings of the Bank and the Bank's ability to pay dividends to the Company. The payment of dividends by the Bank will depend on a number of factors, including capital requirements, regulatory limitations, the Bank's results of operations and financial condition, tax considerations, and general economic conditions. National banking laws regulate and restrict the ability of the Bank to pay dividends to the Company. See "Item 1. Business—Supervision and Regulation."

        (b)   Not applicable.

        (c)   On April 23, 2014, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase up to 870,000 shares of its common stock, representing 8.3% of the Company's outstanding common shares and approximately $8.4 million based on the Company's closing stock price on April 22, 2014. Such purchases will be made in open market or in privately negotiated transactions from time to time and in such amounts as market conditions warrant. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors including price, corporate and regulatory requirements, market conditions, and other corporate liquidity requirements and priorities. The stock repurchase program may be suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice, and will expire on April 23, 2016.

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        The following table sets forth information with respect to purchases made by us of our common stock during the year ended June 30, 2014.

Period
  Total Number of
Shares
Purchased
  Weighted Average
Price Per share
  Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Programs
  Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased Under
the Program
 

April 30 to May 30, 2014

    291,200   $ 9.69     291,200     578,800  

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

        The following table sets forth our selected financial and operating data on a historical basis. The data set forth below does not purport to be complete. It should be read in conjunction with, and is

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qualified in its entirety by, the more detailed information, including the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes, appearing elsewhere herein.

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
  Successor Company(1)    
  Predecessor Company(2)  
 
   
 
 
  Twelve Months
Ended
June 30, 2014
  Twelve Months
Ended
June 30, 2013
  Twelve Months
Ended
June 30, 2012
  184 Days
Ended
June 30, 2011
   
  181 Days
Ended
Dec. 28, 2010
  Twelve Months
Ended
June 30, 2010
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 

Selected operations data:

                                         

Interest and dividend income

  $ 38,371   $ 36,543   $ 27,014   $ 13,304       $ 14,378   $ 31,262  

Interest expense

    6,653     6,596     6,317     3,207         5,877     13,314  
                               

Net interest income

    31,718     29,947     20,697     10,097         8,501     17,948  

Provision for loan losses

    531     1,122     946     707         912     1,864  

Noninterest income(3)

    4,869     8,514     5,782     17,569         3,034     3,642  

Net securities gains (losses)

        792     1,111     1,200         17     (18 )

Noninterest expense(4)

    31,777     31,955     25,680     15,807         8,429     17,441  
                               

Income before income taxes

    4,279     6,176     964     12,352         2,211     2,267  

Income tax expense (benefit)

    1,579     1,881     102     (108 )       646     773  
                               

Net income from continuing operations

    2,700     4,295     862     12,460         1,565     1,494  

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

    (8 )   125     1,301     92         231     225  
                               

Net income

  $ 2,692   $ 4,420   $ 2,163   $ 12,552       $ 1,796   $ 1,719  
                               

Net income available to common shareholders

  $ 2,692   $ 4,065   $ 1,771   $ 12,355       $ 1,677   $ 1,476  
                               

Consolidated per share data:

                                         

Earnings:

                                         

Basic:

                                         

Continuing operations

  $ 0.26   $ 0.38   $ 0.11   $ 3.49       $ 0.62   $ 0.54  

Discontinued operations

    0.00     0.01     0.30     0.03         0.10     0.10  
                               

Net income

  $ 0.26   $ 0.39   $ 0.41   $ 3.52       $ 0.72   $ 0.64  
                               

Diluted:

                                         

Continuing operations

  $ 0.26   $ 0.38   $ 0.11   $ 3.44       $ 0.61   $ 0.53  

Discontinued operations

    0.00     0.01     0.30     0.03         0.10     0.10  
                               

Net income

  $ 0.26   $ 0.39   $ 0.41   $ 3.47       $ 0.71   $ 0.63  
                               

Cash dividends

  $ 0.28   $ 0.36   $ 0.36   $ 0.18       $ 0.18   $ 0.36  

Book value

    11.05     10.89     11.07     17.33         19.79     20.08  

Selected balance sheet data:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
       
 
   
 
 

Total assets

  $ 761,931   $ 670,639   $ 669,196   $ 596,393       $ 627,984   $ 622,607  

Loans

    516,416     435,376     356,254     309,913         367,284     382,309  

Deposits

    574,329     484,623     422,188     401,118         374,617     384,197  

Borrowings

    66,005     64,069     120,859     126,706         199,326     183,025  

Total shareholders' equity

    112,066     113,802     119,139     64,954         50,366     50,906  

Other ratios:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
       
 
   
 
 

Return on average assets

    0.37 %   0.64 %   0.36 %   4.09 %       0.57 %   0.28 %

Return on average equity

    2.39 %   3.79 %   3.03 %   38.23 %       7.03 %   3.47 %

Efficiency ratio

    86.85 %   81.41 %   93.08 %   54.76 %       72.97 %   80.85 %

Average equity to average total assets

    15.38 %   16.93 %   11.90 %   10.69 %       8.18 %   8.10 %

Common dividend payout ratio

    107.69 %   92.25 %   71.26 %   5.02 %       25.02 %   56.64 %

Tier 1 leverage capital ratio

    15.90 %   17.78 %   19.91 %   10.35 %       N/A     8.40 %

Total risk-based capital ratio

    23.69 %   27.54 %   33.34 %   18.99 %       N/A     14.09 %

(1)
"Successor Company" means Northeast Bancorp and its subsidiary after the closing of the merger with FHB Formation LLC on December 29, 2010.

(2)
"Predecessor Company" means Northeast Bancorp and its subsidiary before the closing of the merger with FHB Formation LLC on December 29, 2010.

(3)
Includes primarily fees for deposits, investment brokerage services to customers, and gains on the sale of loans. In the 184 days ended June 30, 2011, the total further includes a bargain purchase gain $15.4 million.

(4)
Includes salaries, employee benefits, occupancy and equipment, and other expenses. In the 184 days ended June 30, 2011, the total includes merger expenses totaling $3.2 million.

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Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

        Northeast Bancorp (the "Company") is a Maine corporation and a bank holding company registered with the Federal Reserve under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956. The Company also is a registered Maine financial institution holding company, and is subject to regulation by both the Maine Bureau of Financial Institutions (the "Bureau") and the Federal Reserve. The Company's principal asset is the capital stock of Northeast Bank (the "Bank"), a Maine state-chartered universal bank, which is regulated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") and the Bureau. The Company's results of operations are primarily dependent on the results of the operations of the Bank.

        The Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, which follows, presents a review of the consolidated operating results of the Company for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 ("fiscal 2014") and the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 ("fiscal 2013"). This discussion and analysis is intended to assist you in understanding the results of our operations and financial condition. You should read this discussion together with your review of the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes and other statistical information included in this report. Certain amounts in the periods prior to fiscal 2014 have been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 2014 presentation.

Overview

    Financial Presentation

        On December 29, 2010, the merger (the "Merger") of the Company and FHB Formation LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("FHB"), was consummated. As a result of the Merger, the surviving company received a capital contribution of $16.2 million (in addition to the approximately $13.1 million in cash consideration paid to former shareholders), and the former members of FHB collectively acquired approximately 60% of our outstanding common stock. The Company applied the acquisition method of accounting, as described in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805, Business Combinations ("ASC 805") to the Merger, which represents an acquisition by FHB of Northeast, with Northeast as the surviving company (the "Successor Company"). In the application of ASC 805 to this transaction, the following was considered:

         Identify the Accounting Acquirer :    FHB was identified as the accounting acquirer. FHB, which was incorporated on March 9, 2009, acquired a controlling financial interest of approximately 60% of the Successor Company's total outstanding voting and non-voting common stock in exchange for contributed capital and cash consideration.

        In the evaluation and identification of FHB as the accounting acquirer, it was concluded that FHB was a substantive entity involved in significant pre-merger activities, including the following: raising capital; incurring debt; incurring operating expenses; leasing office space; hiring staff to develop the surviving company's business plan; retaining professional services firms; and identifying acquisition targets and negotiating potential transactions, including the Merger.

         Determine the Acquisition Date :    December 29, 2010, the closing date of the Merger, was the date that FHB gained control of the combined entity.

         Recognize assets acquired and liabilities assumed :    Because neither Northeast Bancorp, the Predecessor Company (the acquired company), nor FHB (the accounting acquirer) exist as separate entities after the Merger, a new basis of accounting at fair value for the Successor Company's assets and liabilities was established in the consolidated financial statements. At the acquisition date, the Successor Company recognized the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their then fair values in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement ("ASC 820"). The

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Successor Company recognized a bargain purchase gain as the difference between the total purchase price and the net assets acquired.

        As a result of application of the acquisition method of accounting to Northeast Bancorp after the merger on December 29, 2010, the Company's financial statements from the periods prior to the transaction date are not directly comparable to the financial statements for periods subsequent to the transaction date. To make this distinction, the Company has labeled balances and results of operations prior to the transaction date as "Predecessor Company" and balances and results of operations for periods subsequent to the transaction date as "Successor Company." The lack of comparability arises from the assets and liabilities having new accounting bases as a result of recording them at their fair values as of the transaction date rather than at historical cost basis. To denote this lack of comparability, a heavy black line has been placed between the Successor Company and Predecessor Company columns in the discussion herein.

        In connection with the transaction, as part of the regulatory approval process the Company made certain commitments to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Federal Reserve"), the most significant of which are, (i) maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 10%, (ii) maintain a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 15%, (iii) limit purchased loans to 40% of total loans, (iv) fund 100% of the Company's loans with core deposits (defined as non-maturity deposits and non-brokered insured time deposits), and (v) hold commercial real estate loans (including owner-occupied commercial real estate) to within 300% of total risk-based capital. On June 28, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved the amendment of the commitment to hold commercial real estate loans to within 300% of total risk-based capital to exclude owner-occupied commercial real estate loans. All other commitments made to the Federal Reserve in connection with the merger remain unchanged. The Company and the Bank are currently in compliance with all commitments to the Federal Reserve. The Company's compliance ratios at June 30, 2014 follow.

Condition
  Ratio  

(i)

 

Tier 1 leverage ratio

    15.90 %

(ii)

 

Total risk-based capital ratio

    23.69 %

(iii)

 

Ratio of purchased loans to total loans

    38.51 %

(iv)

 

Ratio of loans to core deposits

    92.14 %

(v)

 

Ratio of commercial real estate loans to total risk-based capital

    176.80 %

        As a result of the sale of the Company's insurance agency business in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and discontinuation of further significant business activities in the insurance agency segment, the Company has classified the results of its insurance agency division as discontinued operations in the Company's consolidated financial statements and discussion herein.

        The Company concluded all investment brokerage activities in the second quarter of fiscal 2014. Accordingly, operations associated with these activities have been classified as discontinued operations in all periods in the Company's consolidated financial statements and discussion herein.

    Fiscal 2014 Financial Highlights

        The Company's financial and strategic highlights for fiscal 2014 include the following:

    Earned net income available to common shareholders of $2.7 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, from continuing operations as compared to $4.1 million, or $0.38 per diluted share, from continuing operations in fiscal 2013.

    Purchased commercial loans totaling $79.8 million, and earned an average yield on the purchased portfolio of 11.4%, a result that includes regularly scheduled interest and accretion, and accelerated accretion and fees recognized on loan payoffs. The Company also monitors the

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      "total return" on its purchased loan portfolio, a measure that includes gains on sales of purchased loans, as well as interest, scheduled accretion and accelerated accretion and fees. On this basis, the purchased loan portfolio earned a total return of 11.8% for fiscal 2014. An overview of the LASG portfolio follows:

 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  Purchased   Originated   Total LASG   Purchased   Originated   Total LASG  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Loans purchased or originated during the period:

                                     

Unpaid principal balance

  $ 91,288   $ 66,225   $ 157,513   $ 155,216   $ 37,181   $ 192,397  

Net investment basis

    79,823     66,225     146,048     121,336     37,208     158,544  

Loan returns during the period:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Yield

    11.43 %   5.29 %   9.70 %   16.04 %   9.34 %   15.28 %

Total Return(1)

    11.76 %   5.87 %   10.11 %   18.33 %   9.34 %   17.32 %

Total loans as of period end:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Unpaid principal balance

  $ 242,631   $ 77,588   $ 320,219   $ 204,276   $ 38,846   $ 243,122  

Net investment basis

    203,450     77,561     281,011     166,786     38,879     205,665  

(1)
The total return represents scheduled accretion, accelerated accretion, net gains on asset sales, and other noninterest income recorded during the period divided by the average invested balance, on an annualized basis.
    Increased the Company's deposit base by $89.7 million, mainly through deposit listing services, which the Bank uses principally to acquire term funding consistent with its asset/liability management objectives.

    Enhanced the Bank's operational capacity through the conversion of its core banking systems from an "in-house" platform to a fully-integrated outsourced solution offering improved functionality and scalability.

Results of Operations—Continuing Operations

    General

        Net income available to common shareholders for the year ended June 30, 2014 was $2.7 million, a $1.4 million decrease from 2013. The current year included several non-recurring items, related principally to severance costs, one-time costs associated with the Bank's core systems conversion and a legal settlement recovery. Excluding these items, which the Company considers to be non-core, net

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operating earnings were $3.6 million, or $0.35 per share, for the year ended June 30, 2014. A reconciliation of net operating earnings for the years ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 follows.

 
  Reconciliation of Net Income
Available to Common
Shareholders (GAAP) to Net
Operating Earnings
(non-GAAP)(1)
 
 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  (Dollars in thousands, except
share and per share data)

 

Net income available to common shareholders (GAAP)

  $ 2,692   $ 4,065  

Items excluded from operating earnings, net of tax:

             

Discontinued operations

    8     (125 )

Severance expense

    808     203  

Software conversion expense

    291      

Legal settlement expense and related professional fees

    (165 )   672  
           

Total after-tax items

    942     750  
           

Net operating earnings (non-GAAP)

  $ 3,634   $ 4,815  
           
           

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic

    10,404,784     10,409,588  

Reported basic earnings per share (GAAP)

  $ 0.26   $ 0.39  

Items excluded from operating earnings

    0.09     0.07  
           

Net operating earnings per share (non-GAAP)

  $ 0.35   $ 0.46  
           
           

(1)
Management believes operating earnings, which exclude non-core items, provide a more meaningful representation of the Company's performance.

        Items of significance affecting the Company's earnings included:

    An increase in net interest income and dividend income before provision for loan losses, which grew to $31.7 million compared to $29.9 million for the year ended June 30, 2013, principally due to an 18.6% increase in loans, offset in part by reduced transactional interest income on purchased loans. The following table summarizes interest income and related yields recognized on the Company's loans.

 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income
  Yield   Average
Balance
  Interest
Income
  Yield  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Community Banking Division

  $ 246,853   $ 12,926     5.24 % $ 252,199   $ 14,824     5.88 %

LASG:

                                     

Originated

    69,883     3,695     5.29 %   14,906     1,392     9.34 %

Purchased

    178,377     20,388     11.43 %   117,205     18,801     16.04 %
                               

Total LASG

    248,260     24,083     9.70 %   132,111     20,193     15.28 %
                               

Total

  $ 495,113   $ 37,009     7.47 % $ 384,310   $ 35,017     9.11 %
                               
                               

        The yield on purchased loans in each period shown was increased by unscheduled loan payoffs, which resulted in immediate recognition of the prepaid loans' discount in interest income. The

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following table details the "total return" on purchased loans, which includes total transactional income of $5.4 million for the year ended June 30, 2014, a decrease of $5.2 million from the year ended June 30, 2013. The following table summarizes the total return recognized on the purchased loan portfolio:

 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  Income   Return(1)   Income   Return(1)  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Regularly scheduled interest and accretion

  $ 15,682     8.75 % $ 11,038     9.35 %

Transactional income:

                         

Gains on loan sales

    576     0.32 %   2,115     1.79 %

Gain on sale of real estate owned

    100     0.06 %   684     0.58 %

Other noninterest income

    4     0.00 %   36     0.03 %

Accelerated accretion and loan fees

    4,706     2.63 %   7,763     6.58 %
                       

Total transactional income

    5,386     3.01 %   10,598     8.98 %
                       

Total

  $ 21,068     11.76 % $ 21,636     18.33 %
                       
                       

(1)
The total return represents scheduled interest and accretion, accelerated accretion, net gains on asset sales, and other noninterest income recorded during the period divided by the average invested balance, on an annualized basis.
    A decrease of $4.4 million in noninterest income, principally resulting from lower sales of residential and purchased loans in fiscal 2014. During fiscal 2014, residential loans originated for sale decreased by $50.5 million, mainly the result of adding most residential production to portfolio during the first half of fiscal 2014, in order to increase the Bank's loan purchasing capacity under its regulatory commitments.

    A decrease of $178 thousand in noninterest expense, principally due to legal settlement expense of $980 thousand in fiscal 2013 and reduced marketing expense in fiscal 2014, partially offset by increased compensation and occupancy expenses.

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         Net Interest Income

        The following table sets forth average balance sheets, average yields and costs, and certain other information for the periods indicated:

 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013   2012  
 
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Yield/
Rate
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Yield/
Rate
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Yield/
Rate
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Assets:

                                                       

Interest-earning assets:

                                                       

Investment securities

  $ 115,849   $ 1,048     0.90 % $ 131,199   $ 1,138     0.87 % $ 138,708   $ 2,019     1.46 %

Loans(1)(2)

    495,113     37,009     7.47 %   384,310     35,017     9.11 %   339,648     24,734     7.28 %

Regulatory stock

    5,620     123     2.19 %   5,398     75     1.39 %   5,673     72     1.27 %

Short-term investments(3)

    78,838     191     0.24 %   127,781     313     0.24 %   76,217     189     0.25 %
                                             

Total interest-earning assets

    695,420     38,371     5.52 %   648,688     36,543     5.63 %   560,246     27,014     4.82 %
                                             

Cash and due from banks

    2,876                 3,065                 2,910              

Other non-interest earning assets

    33,958                 37,206                 36,803              
                                                   

Total assets

  $ 732,254               $ 688,959               $ 599,959              
                                                   
                                                   

Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity:

                                                       

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                                                       

NOW accounts

  $ 61,146   $ 162     0.26 % $ 55,763   $ 153     0.27 % $ 55,218   $ 213     0.39 %

Money market accounts

    85,333     447     0.52 %   63,931     337     0.53 %   44,692     175     0.39 %

Savings accounts

    34,391     44     0.13 %   31,939     44     0.14 %   32,799     67     0.20 %

Time deposits

    314,848     3,470     1.10 %   280,059     3,564     1.27 %   223,782     2,971     1.33 %
                                             

Total interest-bearing deposits

    495,718     4,123     0.83 %   431,692     4,098     0.95 %   356,491     3,426     0.96 %

Short-term borrowings

    2,230     24     1.08 %   1,472     19     1.29 %   1,075     21     1.95 %

Borrowed funds

    58,468     1,741     2.98 %   75,633     1,710     2.26 %   112,812     2,119     1.87 %

Junior subordinated debentures

    8,352     765     9.16 %   8,185     769     9.40 %   8,028     751     9.35 %
                                             

Total interest-bearing liabilities

    564,768     6,653     1.18 %   516,982     6,596     1.28 %   478,406     6,317     1.32 %
                                             

Interest-bearing liabilities of discontinued operations

                                    271              

Non-interest bearing liabilities:

                                                       

Demand deposits and escrow accounts

    50,890                 49,343                 45,933              

Other liabilities

    3,962                 5,982                 3,932              
                                                   

Total liabilities

    619,620                 572,307                 528,542              

Shareholders' equity

    112,634                 116,652                 71,417              
                                                   

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

  $ 732,254               $ 688,959               $ 599,959              
                                                   
                                                   

Net interest income

        $ 31,718               $ 29,947               $ 20,697        
                                                   
                                                   

Interest rate spread

                4.34 %               4.36 %               3.50 %

Net interest margin(4)

                4.56 %               4.62 %               3.69 %

(1)
Includes loans held for sale.

(2)
Nonaccrual loans are included in the computation of average, but unpaid interest has not been included for purposes of determining interest income.

(3)
Short term investments include FHLB overnight deposits and other interest-bearing deposits.

(4)
Net interest margin is calculated as net interest income divided by total interest-earning assets.

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        The following table presents the extent to which changes in volume and interest rates of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities have affected the Company's interest income and interest expense during the periods indicated. Information is provided in each category with respect to (i) changes attributable to changes in volume (changes in volume multiplied by prior period rate), (ii) changes attributable to changes in rates (changes in rates multiplied by prior period volume) and (iii) changes attributable to a combination of changes in rate and volume (change in rates multiplied by the changes in volume). Changes attributable to the combined impact of volume and rate have been allocated proportionately to the changes due to volume and the changes due to rate.

 
  Year Ended June 30, 2014
Compared to the Year Ended
June 30, 2013
 
 
  Change Due
to Volume
  Change Due
to Rate
  Total Change  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Interest earning assets:

                   

Investment securities

  $ (137 ) $ 47   $ (90 )

Loans

    8,978     (6,986 )   1,992  

Regulatory stock

    3     45     48  

Short-term investments

    (119 )   (3 )   (122 )
               

Total increase in interest income

    8,725     (6,897 )   1,828  

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                   

Interest-bearing deposits

    540     (515 )   25  

Short-term borrowings

    8     (3 )   5  

Borrowed funds

    (439 )   470     31  

Junior subordinated debentures

    16     (20 )   (4 )
               

Total increase in interest expense

    125     (68 )   57  
               

Total increase in net interest and dividend income

  $ 8,600   $ (6,829 ) $ 1,771  
               
               

 

 
  Year Ended June 30, 2013
Compared to the Year Ended
June 30, 2012
 
 
  Change Due
to Volume
  Change Due
to Rate
  Total Change  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Interest earning assets:

                   

Investment securities

  $ (104 ) $ (777 ) $ (881 )

Loans

    3,529     6,754     10,283  

Regulatory stock

    (3 )   6     3  

Short-term investments

    128     (4 )   124  
               

Total increase in interest income

    3,550     5,979     9,529  
               

Interest bearing liabilities:

                   

Interest bearing deposits

    823     (151 )   672  

Short-term borrowings

    6     (8 )   (2 )

Borrowed funds

    (790 )   381     (409 )

Junior subordinated debentures

    14     4     18  
               

Total increase in interest expense

    53     226     279  
               

Total increase in net interest and dividend income

  $ 3,497   $ 5,753   $ 9,250  
               
               

        For the year ended June 30, 2014, the $8.6 million volume-related change in net interest income was mainly the result of the significant increase in loans, which grew by $110.8 million on average

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compared to fiscal 2013. The unfavorable rate-related change in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013 was principally due to the lower level of transactional interest income realized on purchased loans, which declined by $3.1 million year over year. For fiscal 2014, the 4.56% net interest margin earned was 6 basis points lower than that earned for the year ended June 30, 2013. The net interest margin decreased during fiscal 2014 principally due to decreased accelerated discount accretion from the early payoff of purchased loans.

        The following table summarizes the effects of accretion of fair value adjustments on the net interest margin, for the periods indicated:

 
  Accretion (Amortization) of Merger Fair Value Adjustments  
 
  Year Ended June 30,  
 
  2014   2013  
 
  Average
Balance
  Income
(Expense)
  Effect on
Yield / Rate
  Average
Balance
  Income
(Expense)
  Effect on
Yield / Rate
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Interest-earning assets:

                                     

Investment securities

  $ 115,849   $     0.00 % $ 131,199   $ (3 )   0.00 %

Loans

    495,113     174     0.04 %   384,310     563     0.15 %

Other interest-earning assets

    84,458         0.00 %   133,179         0.00 %
                               

Total interest-earning assets

  $ 695,420   $ 174     0.03 % $ 648,688   $ 560     0.09 %
                               
                               

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                                     

Interest-bearing deposits

    495,718     560     0.11 %   431,692     989     0.23 %

Short-term borrowings

    2,230         0.00 %   1,472         0.00 %

Borrowed funds

    58,468     414     0.71 %   75,633     1,196     1.58 %

Junior subordinated debentures

    8,352         0.00 %   8,185         0.00 %
                               

Total interest-bearing liabilities

  $ 564,768   $ 974     0.17 % $ 516,982   $ 2,185     0.42 %
                               
                               

Total effect of noncash accretion on:

                                     

Net interest income

        $ 1,148               $ 2,745        

Net interest margin

          0.17 %               0.42 %      

        The Company's total cost of funds improved to 1.08% in fiscal 2014, down from 1.16% in fiscal 2013, principally due to a 12 basis point decrease in the cost of interest-bearing deposits.

    Provision for Loan Losses

        Quarterly, the Company determines the amount of its allowance for loan losses adequate to provide for losses inherent in the Company's loan portfolios, with the provision for loan losses determined by the net periodic change in the allowance for loan losses. For acquired loans accounted for under ASC 310-30, a provision for loan loss is recorded when estimates of future cash flows decrease due to credit deterioration.

        The provision for loan losses for periods subsequent to the Merger reflects the impact of adjusting loans to their then fair values, as well as the elimination of the allowance for loan losses in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting. Subsequent to the Merger, the provision for loan losses has been recorded based on estimates of inherent losses in newly originated loans and for incremental reserves required for pre-merger loans based on estimates of deteriorated credit quality post-merger.

        The provision for loan losses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 was $531 thousand. This compares to a provision for loan losses of $1.1 million for the year ended June 30, 2013. At June 30, 2014 and 2013, the allowance for loan losses stood at $1.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively, and

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the ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans was 0.26% at each fiscal year end. Net charge-offs for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 totaled $308 thousand, representing approximately 0.06% of the Company's average portfolio loan balance during the fiscal year. This compares to $803 thousand, or 0.21%, in fiscal 2013, representing a decrease of $495 thousand in fiscal 2014, the result of improved net charge-off trends in all loan segments.

        For additional information on the allowance for loan losses, see "Asset Quality."

    Noninterest Income

        Noninterest income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 totaled $4.9 million, a decrease of $4.4 million, or 47.7%, from fiscal 2013. When compared to fiscal 2013, the increase was principally due to the following:

    a $792 thousand decrease in securities gains. There were no sales of available-for-sale securities in fiscal 2014;

    a $1.4 million decrease in gains on residential loans originated for sale, a decrease correlated to the volume of loans originated for portfolio in fiscal 2014;

    a $1.3 million decrease in gains on portfolio loan sales, due to fewer sales of purchased loans in fiscal 2014;

    a $683 thousand decrease in net gains on sales of other real estate owned. In fiscal 2013, the Company recognized gains of $684 thousand on the resolution of properties previously securing acquired loans, as compared to $100 thousand in fiscal 2014;

    a $267 thousand decrease in BOLI income, due to death benefits received in fiscal 2013.

    Noninterest Expense

        Noninterest expense for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 totaled $31.8 million, a decrease of $178 thousand, or 0.6%, from fiscal 2013. When compared to fiscal 2013, the increase was principally due to the following:

    an increase of $750 thousand in salaries and benefits, principally due to increased severance costs, partially offset by lower incentive compensation. Severance expense totaled $1.3 million in fiscal 2014, compared to $309 thousand in fiscal 2013. The Company's employees, excluding discontinued operations, and on a full-time equivalent basis, totaled 187 at June 30, 2014, compared to 205 at June 30, 2013;

    an increase of $822 thousand in occupancy and equipment expense, principally due to increased rent associated with the relocation of the Company's office in Boston, MA, and depreciation, principally related to the Company's core banking software;

    a decrease of $165 thousand in professional fees, principally due to lower legal fees in fiscal 2014;

    an increase of $237 thousand in data processing, due to the conversion of the Bank's core software to an outsourced model during fiscal 2014;

    a decrease of $724 thousand in marketing expense, due to a reduction in deposit and residential mortgage marketing in fiscal 2014;

    a decrease of $227 thousand in loan acquisition and collection expense, principally due to lower loan acquisitions and work-out expenses;

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    a decrease of $197 thousand in intangible asset amortization. The company's core deposit intangible is amortized on an accelerated basis, therefore, the expense decreases annually;

    a decrease of $1.2 million in legal settlement expense. In fiscal 2013, the Company recorded a charge of $1.0 million in connection with a dispute regarding certain deposit account activity occurring in 2005 and 2006. The Company received an insurance recovery totaling $250 thousand in fiscal 2014 related to this settlement;

    an increase in other noninterest expense of $530 thousand, principally related to nonrecurring expenses associated with the Company's core banking software conversion in fiscal 2014. Non-capital expenses associated with the conversion totaled $466 thousand.

    Income Taxes

        Income tax expense for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 totaled $1.6 million, representing 36.9% of pretax income, as compared to $1.9 million, or 30.5% of pretax income, in fiscal 2013. The increase in the Company's effective tax rate was principally due to increased state income taxes resulting from year over year changes in state apportionment. In the current year, relatively less income was apportioned to Maine, which has a lower financial institution income tax rate than the other states to which the Company's income was apportioned.

Results of Operations—Discontinued Operations

    Overview

        The Company concluded all investment brokerage activities in the second quarter of fiscal 2014. Accordingly, operations associated with these activities have been classified as discontinued operations for all periods shown in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. The Company recorded a net loss from discontinued operations of $8 thousand in fiscal 2014, compared to net income of $125 thousand in fiscal 2013.

Financial Condition

    Overview

        The Company's total assets grew to $761.9 million at June 30, 2014, representing an increase of $91.3 million, or 13.6%, compared to $670.6 million at June 30, 2013. Significant changes in the Company's balance sheet components include:

    Loans increased by $84.4 million, or 19.0%, compared to June 30, 2013, principally due to net growth of $75.3 million in commercial loans purchased or originated by the LASG and $9.1 million of net growth in loans originated by the Bank's Community Banking Division;

    Deposits and borrowings increased by $89.7 million and $1.9 million, respectively, from June 30, 2013. Non-maturity deposits increased by $10.6 million, or 4.8%, for the year while time deposits grew by 30.1% or $79.1 million. The latter was centered in deposits raised through deposit listing services, which the Bank uses when advantageous to acquire term funding consistent with its asset/liability management objectives;

    Shareholders' equity decreased by $1.7 million from June 30, 2013, in part due to common stock dividends of $2.9 million and $2.8 million of common stock repurchases (representing 291,200 shares).

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    Cash and Cash Equivalents

        Cash and cash equivalents increased $16.3 million, or 24.8%, to $82.3 million at June 30, 2014 as compared to $65.9 million at June 30, 2013. This increase was principally the result of deposit growth of $89.7 million and a net decrease in available-for-sale securities of $7.7 million, partially offset by loan growth of $84.4 million.

    Investments Securities

        The available-for-sale securities portfolio totaled $113.9 million and $121.6 million at June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Mortgage-backed securities and U.S. Government-sponsored enterprise bonds totaling $33.1 million were pledged for outstanding borrowings at June 30, 2014.

        At June 30, 2014, the Company's investment portfolio was comprised entirely of U.S. Government-sponsored enterprise bonds and mortgage-backed securities guaranteed by government agencies. Generally, funds retained by the Company as a result of increases in deposits or decreases in loans, to the extent not immediately deployed by the Bank, are invested in securities held in its investment portfolio, which serves as a source of liquidity for the Company. The composition of the Company's securities portfolio at the dates indicated follows.

 
  June 30, 2014   June 30, 2013   June 30, 2012  
 
  Amortized
Cost
  Fair Value   Amortized
Cost
  Fair Value   Amortized
Cost
  Fair Value  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

U.S. Government agency securities

  $ 48,415   $ 48,418   $ 45,289   $ 45,333   $ 45,824   $ 45,808  

Agency mortgage-backed securities

    66,744     65,463     78,944     76,264     86,816     87,456  

Trust preferred securities

                         

Equity securities

                         
                           

  $ 115,159   $ 113,881   $ 124,233   $ 121,597   $ 132,640   $ 133,264  
                           
                           

        The table below sets forth certain information regarding the contractual maturities and weighted average yields of the Company's securities portfolio at June 30, 2014. Actual maturities of mortgage-backed securities will differ from contractual maturities due both to scheduled amortization and prepayments.

 
  Within
One Year
  After One
Year Through
Five Years
  After Five
Years Through
Ten Years
  After
Ten Years
  Total  
 
  Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

U.S. Government agency securities

  $       $ 48,418     0.45 % $       $       $ 48,418     0.45 %

Agency mortgage-backed securities

                    33,536     0.91 %   31,927     1.44 %   65,463     1.17 %
                                                     

  $       $ 48,418     0.45 % $ 33,536     0.91 % $ 31,927     1.44 % $ 113,881     0.86 %
                                                     
                                                     

        Management reviews the portfolio of investments on an ongoing basis to determine if there have been any other-than-temporary declines in value. No other-than-temporary impairment expense was recognized during fiscal 2014 or fiscal 2013.

    Loans

        Loans, including loans held-for-sale, totaled $528.4 million at June 30, 2014, compared to $444.0 million at June 30, 2013. The increase of $84.4 million, or 19.0%, at June 30, 2014, was

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principally due to net increases of $51.6 million, $20.8 million, and $12.1 million in commercial real estate, residential real estate, and commercial business, respectively, offset by a decrease in consumer loans. During fiscal 2014, the LASG purchased $79.8 million in loans, consisting principally of commercial real estate loans.

        The composition of the Company's loan portfolio (excluding loans held-for-sale) at the dates indicated is as follows:

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  Predecessor
Company
 
 
  Successor Company    
 
 
   
 
 
  June 30, 2014   June 30, 2013   June 30, 2012   June 30, 2011    
  June 30, 2010  
 
   
 
 
   
  Percent
of Total
   
  Percent
of Total
   
  Percent
of Total
   
  Percent
of Total
   
   
  Percent
of Total
 
 
  Amount   Amount   Amount   Amount    
  Amount  
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
 

Residential real estate

  $ 148,634     28.79 % $ 127,829     29.36 % $ 137,571     38.61 % $ 145,477     46.94 %     $ 155,613     40.70 %

Commercial real estate

    316,067     61.20 %   264,448     60.74 %   180,735     50.74 %   117,761     38.00 %       121,175     31.70 %

Construction

    31     0.01 %   42     0.01 %   1,187     0.33 %   2,015     0.65 %       5,525     1.45 %

Commercial business

    41,800     8.09 %   29,720     6.83 %   19,612     5.51 %   22,225     7.17 %       30,214     7.90 %

Consumer and other

    9,884     1.91 %   13,337     3.06 %   17,149     4.81 %   22,435     7.24 %       69,782     18.25 %
                                                         

Total loans

    516,416     100.00 %   435,376     100.00 %   356,254     100.00 %   309,913     100.00 %       382,309     100.00 %

Less: Allowance for loan losses

    1,367           1,143           824           437               5,806        
                                                         

Loans, net

  $ 515,049         $ 434,233         $ 355,430         $ 309,476             $ 376,503